SPATIALITY/AREA AND LITERATURE (Prostorovost/spacialnost/arealovost a literatura)
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The author opens his explanation with the analysis of various concepts of space and time in the literary artefact, of the space as a constitutive element of the formation of the artefact mentioning the works of G. Bachelard, M. Bakhtin, and D. Hodrova including his own analyses of literary genres going back to the 1970s, and demonstrates the problems of the complicated link between the literary space and time. In the passage on the space as an extrinsic condition of the existence of the literary artefact he shows the Brno concept of area studies and the relations of the area and some further similar spheres and concepts. They are, above all, the spatial relations of the language and literature stressing sociology and political science and the problem of disciplinarity, inter- and multidisciplinarity, i.e. the identification of the discipline in the sense of the 'craft'. It is inevitable to avoid the shallow modishness of area studies, rather to relativize them, to search for their relations to other disciplines, e. g. to visualisation, iconosphere, theory of literary history, dialogue of cultures, and culture studies as such. This is the basis of the relation of the spatial aspect of philological and social disciplines in area studies. Its kernel should be the language and literature study (Brno concept of the integrated genre typology) which represents not only the means, but the aim itself in the sense of the so-called inter-poeticity, i. e. the permeation of the extrinsic (area, spatial) and intrinsic (poetological) circle even R. Wellek as well as D. Durisin did not succeed in.
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