'KURBAN-BAYRAM' RITUAL IN BULGARIA - ETHNIC VARIETIES OF CELEBRATION. ETHNOLOGICAL REFLECTIONS ON FIELDWORK (Swieto 'Kurban-Bajram' w Bułgarii - o etnicznych odmianach swietowania. Refleksje etnologiczne z badan terenowych)
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The article describes the festival of Kurban-Bayram, celebrated between 7th and 10th December 2008 in a town of Vyrbica in the north-east Bulgaria. The region is inhabited by a several ethnic groups such as: Bulgarians, Turks, two communities of Romanies, and others, where the Christianity and Islam are not considered as an ethnic criterion. Kurban, being a ritual during which a sacrifice of a domestic horned animal is made, was celebrated there with a few locally and ethnically conditioned variations. The article also discusses the process of ethnological research and the way of exploring the territory, as experienced by its authoresses working in this specific environment. Both formed a 'tandem', complementing each other. In this arrangement, one of them played a part of a 'guide' of the other, while the other one was a 'debutante', knowing neither the language nor the area. For both authoresses, however, the universal language, which allowed them to penetrate and approach these unknown and untamed regions, was the language of photography.
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