Linguistic and Cultural Contexts Accompanying the Fixing of Family and Group Identity in Kashubian Dialect
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Language uses an entire wealth of measures communicating relationship and establishing limits, beyond which 'foreignness' begins. However, when differentiating between the ideas of 'familiar : foreign' the main role is played by possessive pronouns and their derivatives. The starting point for this discussion has therefore been Kashubian pronoun-related word formations such as 'mojizna', 'svojizna', 'nasezna', created on the basis of 'mój', 'swój', 'nasz' and denoting not only the immediate family, but also brothers- and sisters-in-law, parents-in-law and distant relatives, sometimes even fellow-countrymen. In this aspect the language of the 'Kaszuby' region shows exceptional creativity and applies special principles to establish the limits and the character of family relationships. Equally significant in the construction of the profile of the familiar is the cultural context, in particular, those rituals of inclusion into, and exclusion from, the community. The linguistic picture of the world concentrated around the category of the familiar is co-shaped by customs accompanying the most important events in the life of the family and the social community in general (the so-called rites of passage), such as births, weddings, and deaths. Their reflection in the language will include speeches formulated specially for such occasions, as well as acts of nomination acts recorded in vocabulary and phraseology.
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