RUBBER NATURE OF DISPOSABLE OF THE ARTICLE 585 OF THE COMMERCIAL COMPANY CODE (Kauczukowy charakter dyspozycji z art. 585 Kodeksu spólek handlowych.)
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The authors of the article present the basic for principle of substantive criminal law: 'nullum crimen sine lege', which means the inability to criminal prosecution without specifying the crime in the Criminal Code. In this context it is dangerous and inconsistent with the foregoing general rule to use the so-called rubber disposable in the creation of criminal law standards. Rubber disposables are characterized as vague and ambiguous. As the result any actual state of affairs can be found as an offence in accordance with their terms. An example of the use of rubber disposable by the Polish legislator is the current content of the Article 585 of Commercial Companies Code, defining the offence of working against the company. In the opinion of the authors of the article, this regulation may be even considered to be in contrary to the Constitution, specifically Article 42 paragraphs 1 sent 1 of the Constitution, under which criminal liability shall be subjected only the person, who has committed a criminal offence by statute in force at the time of its commission. Problems with the practical application of criminal law acts containing rubber disposables speaks for their critical assessment, and consequently need for removing from the criminal standards system. The authors do not deny the communis opinio, which speaks for criminal liability for working against the company, but it must be set out unequivocally, specifically, and in a manner consistent with the fundamental principles of criminal law in the Criminal Law standard.
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