Význam Dunaje pro Metternichovo Rakousko
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THE SIGNIFICANCE OF THE DANUBE FOR METTERNICH'S AUSTRIA
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Relying on thorough examination of relevant archival documents housed in several European archives, this paper analyzes the attitude of the leading personalities of the Austrian Empire towards the importance of the Danube for Austrian commerce and geopolitical position in Europe in the first half of 19th century. The content is divided into the two main parts, the first dealing with the general views of the Austrian elites of the problematic. It is particularly based upon the crucial memoir of Franz Freiherr von Ottenfels from early 1834 that summarized the advantages for the Danube Monarchy if the river became navigable on its lower reach. This document reflects the views generally maintained by the Austrian authorities and, simultaneously, based the foundations of the further policy in the question of the Danube. The second part of the paper deals with Austria's attempts to make the river navigable from its southeastern frontier to the delta and to persuade the Sublime Porte to agree with regulating works in the Iron Gate constituting the most serious impediment to the shipping and Russia to maintain the water-level navigable in the Sulina Arm being in the tsar's possession after 1829.
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