'ARMA EPISCOPI LACRIME SUNT ET ORATIONES'. SHEPHERDS OF THE POLISH CHURCH AND ARMED COMBAT IN THE ACCOUNT OF WINCENTY KADLUBEK
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The article contains an analysis of the fragments of 'Chronica Polonorum' by Wincenty Kadlubek devoted to the question of conduct of a bishop in the face of an assault upon the Church and its flock. This theme constitutes one of the elements of creation of the model of an ideal shepherd of the congregation of believers adapted to the requirements of the chronicler's era. On the example of the Plock hierarchs Alexander and Simon and also the archbishop of Gniezno Marcin, Wincenty Kadlubek demonstrated three different attitudes: an active involvement in war activities, the support for the combating with prayer, and, prayer that is not accompanied by armed resistance. The chronicler praises the comportment of each of the protagonists, but is inclined in favour of the attitude of Simon who gives support in battle by 'prayer and tears'.
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