The Artistic Aspects of Dramatised Liturgy
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The lecture considers the poetic of the mediaeval liturgical drama. By resorting to the liturgical recommendations contained in Polish Church texts from the fifteenth and sixteenth century, the author reconstructed in detail the course of the dramatised rituals of the Holy Week (Palm Sunday, Elevatio Crucis, Descensio ad infernos, Visitatio Sepulchri), and analysed the measures of theatrical expression applied therein (i. a. a concentration of contents, simultaneity, the effect of strong contrasts and vivid oppositions, the 'blurred' personality of some of the dramatis personae). The rituals in question were an act of piety and, at the same time, a spectacular drama featured on a stage without footlights since the whole town could become a theatre. The author claims that if we wish to understand properly the artistic merits of liturgical drama, we must become familiar with entirely new aesthetic rules.
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