HOMO SOVIETICUS - THE LIFESTYLE AND THE BEHAVIOUR OF A NEW MAN IN USSR (Homo sovieticus - styl zycia i zachowania nowego czlowieka w ZSRR)
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1920 and 1930s is a period of formating and strengthening of Soviet authorities. This is also a time of increased pressure of the authorities on a person, period with attempts to create a new man following concepts of Russian thinkers' from 19th century: Piotr Tkachov, Sergei Nechaev or Nikolai Chernyshevsky. It's worth underlying the range of Russian dissidents' activities in the area of homo sovieticus creation. It was referring to almost all parts of human life: career, family, free time. Slogans of new morality, loosening of principles in the customs area influenced Russian man psychology and made existing values, treated as universal less important. Spreading atheism and need of belief in somebody or something forced people to look for new gods of history. All elements, parts of a new man creation process must have influenced a psychological condition of a man in USRR, losening of interpersonal relationschips and loosing the sense of life. This article shows the Lifestyle of Soviet Man. The authoress focuses on the private life of homo sovieticus as well as social life created from obligation of active participation in building the communism. The bacis research materials are literary works created in the described period but important part is also dedicated to propaganda.
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