'VINDA MYRDIR, VINDUM HATTR'. INVASIONS OF SLAVONIC LANDS BY SCANDINAVIAN HOVDINGS IN THE LIGHT OF SKALD POEMS
Languages of publication
The author emphasised that the early mediaeval Scandinavian poetry described rulers as 'Vinsa myrdir' (Slayer of Slavs). This term is encountered in four works: the anonymous poem 'Et niddigt' about Harald Bluetooth (which according to the author was written in 986); 'Vellekla' by Einarr Helgason about Hlkon Sigudsson, the 'jarl Lade' (dated as 986), and two poems commemorating Olaf Tryggvesson and battle of Rresund: 'Olafsdrápa rfidrápa' by Hallfred Ottarsson (written in about 1001) and 'Eiriksflokkr' by Halldor Ókristni (ca. 1010). Moreover, in a fragment of 'Vikingarvisur' by Sigvatr yórdarson - a portrayal of King Olaf II Haraldsson of Norway and an account of a Norman expedition against England (1009–1012), the king was given the cognomen 'Vindum háttr' (Enemy of Slavs). The author maintains that the context in which both terms occurred, unconnected with concrete Norman–Slav struggles, indicates that they were general descriptions of a bellicose and victorious ruler. Nevertheless, they remain a reflection of Norman expeditions against Slavonic lands located, i. a. along the southern coast of the Baltic Sea.
Publication order reference
CEJSH db identifier