The paper wishes to differentiate the functional structure of society from the ruling one and to explore how the double structure of the society is emphasized in the comprehensive sociological theories. The theories of Durkheim, Simmel, Weber, Parsons and Luhmann are outlined as the emergence of the functional structure of society in the theoretical sociology but on the other side this theoretical development caused the disappearance of the analysis of the ruling class and of the mechanisms which stabilize the the continuous ruling of some groups in society. The paper tries to find such contemporary Marxian theories which can add to the functional system theory in order to bring back the ruling structure of society into the sociological theory. According to the author the Neo-Gramscian theory is appropriate to this theoretical enlargement.
B. Pokol, no address given, contact the journal editor
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