Instytucjonalna współpraca Unii Europejskiej z systemem Organizacji Narodów Zjednoczonych
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Institutional Cooperation between the European Union and the United Nations System
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In its external action, the European Union (EU) maintains relations with third states and other international organizations. This cooperation has led to more significant and wider opportunities after the entry into force of the Treaty of Lisbon, which has strengthened the role of the EU in the international arena. The author analyzes the cooperation between the EU and the United Nations system, the most pertinent example of which is cooperation between the EU and the General Assembly. On the basis of resolution 65/276 adopted by the General Assembly in 2011, the EU obtained a particular, enhanced observer status. Thus, the role of the EU at the United Nations has increased. The enhanced observer status was also attributed to the EU in its relations with some UN specialized agencies such as the ILO, ICAO, WHO or UNESCO. Cooperation with other specialized agencies is based on the observer status. The most interesting aspect in this context is the membership of the EU in the WTO and FAO. The author presents the legal basis for the cooperation between the EU and the UN system and analyzes the existing practice.
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