PL EN


2016 | 15 | 2 | 147-170
Article title

Intrapersonalne korelaty agresywności u młodych ludzi – uwarunkowania podejmowania roli agresora lub ofiary

Content
Title variants
EN
Intrapersonal Correlates of Aggression in Adolescents: determinants of undertaking the role of the perpetrator and the victim
Languages of publication
Abstracts
PL
Agresja młodych ludzi zarówno jako zjawisko społeczne, jak i problem psychologiczny jest przedmiotem wielu analiz teoretycznych i badań naukowych. Zazwyczaj ich celem jest określenie konsekwencji zachowań agresywnych, zwłaszcza w postaci rozwoju zachowań przestępczych. Wciąż brakuje jednak opracowań empirycznych dotyczących związku zachowań agresywnych polskiej młodzieży z czynnikami intrapersonalnymi. Głównym celem prezentowanych badań było określenie związku między przywiązaniem, temperamentem, agresywnością a zachowaniami agresywnymi młodych ludzi. W badaniach przyjęto wielowymiarowy model agresji Andersona i Bushmana. Do pomiaru wykorzystano Skalę do badania agresywności Bussa-Perry’ego, Inwentarz przywiązania do rodziców i rówieśników Armsdena i Greenberga, Skalę temperamentu Bussa i Plomina oraz Kwestionariusz Mini DIA Österman i Björkqvista. Grupę badaną stanowiło 120 osób w wieku 16–19 lat. Na podstawie badań można stwierdzić, że dominującą cechą temperamentu u osób z wysokim poziomem agresywności jest gniew. Ponadto znaleziono zależności wskazujące, że wysoki poziom zaufania i wysoki poziom alienacji w relacji z matką ma związek z komponentem agresywności – złością. Natomiast podejmowanie zachowań agresywnych zależy od przeważającego wymiaru agresywności: częstość podejmowanych zachowań typu sprawca wzrasta wraz z ogólnym poziomem agresywności oraz częstością jej przejawiania w postaci agresji fizycznej i werbalnej, natomiast częstość podejmowania zachowań typu ofiara wzrasta wraz z odczuwanym poziomem złości i wrogości.
EN
Youthful aggression, perceived both as a social phenomenon and a psychological issue, is the subject matter of numerous theoretical analyses and scientific studies. Usually, their aim is to determine the consequences of aggressive behaviour, especially the development of criminal behaviour. However, empirical studies devoted to the relations between aggressive behaviour of Polish youth and intrapersonal factors are still lacking. The main aim of theresearch presented in this paper was to determine the relationship between attachment, temperament, aggressiveness and aggressive behaviour among young people. For research purposes, the multidimensional aggression model developed by Anderson and Bushman was used. Measurements were carried out with the Buss-Perry Aggressiveness Scale, the Parent and Peer Attachment Inventoryby Armsden and Greenberg, the Buss and Plomin Temperament Scale and the Mini DIA Questionnaire (Österman and Björkqvist). The studied group consisted of 120 young persons aged between 16 and 19. The research results support the conclusion that the dominant temperamental component of persons characterized by a high level of aggressiveness is anger. Also, correlations were found indicating that a high level of trust and a high level of alienation in the relationship with the mother are connected with anger as an aggressiveness component. The actually undertaken aggressive behaviour depends on the prevailing aggressiveness dimension: the frequency of perpetrator-type behaviour increases along with the general aggressiveness level and the frequency of its manifestation in the form of physical and verbal aggression, while the frequency of victim-type behaviour increases along with the experienced level of anger and hostility.
Year
Volume
15
Issue
2
Pages
147-170
Physical description
Contributors
References
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bwmeta1.element.desklight-0071e4f5-268e-4527-909f-046d0cb30e3b
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