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2012 | 1 | 2 | 27-35
Article title

Physical Education in Turkey

Content
Title variants
Languages of publication
EN
Abstracts
By the establishment of a special unit established within the Ministry of Education, called the “Maarif-I Umumiye Nezareti” [1] in 1871 and the reforms emerged in 1924 when the tasks of this special unit were taken by the Ministry of Education itself have triggered numerous variations on physical education teacher’s education. In Turkey it has been possible to study physical education in order to give lessons at schools since 1915, yet only male students above 18 have been permitted to these studies [10]. Between 1908 and 1920 there was another reform of physical education and as a consequence of Selim Sırrı Tarcanin’s efforts physical education at schools became much more important than before. In 1933 an institute for the education of physical education teachers was established at the college of education in Ankara, where female students were admitted access for the first time. Then, some additional sports academies were founded during the 1970’s and 1980’s. Between 1975–1976 the very first implementation of physical education in universities has been realized by Ege University through its Sports Academy. In 1982, physical education studies into the curriculum of common universities were reintegrated so that now there are 65 institutes for physical education at all of the country’s universities [4]. The candidates who want to study PE teacher’s education at universities are tested for specific criteria as their physical appearance and their basic skills in athletic games and gymnastics. If these students are accepted to this programme, they will be garanted a four-year bachelor degree including a schedule above 140 credits with the aim of being a physical education teacher [5].
Keywords
Year
Volume
1
Issue
2
Pages
27-35
Physical description
Dates
published
2012
Contributors
  • University of Pamukkale, Institut for Physical Education – Denizli, Turkey
References
  • 1. Alptekin M. (1974). Öğretmen Yetiştirme Reformu. Ankara, Ayyıldız Matbaası.
  • 2. Çiçek Ş., Demirhan G. (2001). Validideting teacher competicens for Turkish Physical education Teacher.
  • A national study using “Focus” Delphi Method. „International Journal of Physical Education”, XXXVIII, 1, 1, 35–42.
  • 3. Demirhan G., Açıkada C., Altay F. (2001). Students perceptions of physical educations teacher Qualities. „Journal of the International Council for Health, Physical Education, Recreation, Sport and Dance”, XXXVII, 3, 16–18.
  • 4. Hasırcı S. (1991). Okullarda Spor Eğitimi Dersi ve Spor Öğretmeninin Niteliği. I. Eğitim kurumlarında Beden Eğitimi ve Spor Sempozyumu. İzmir, Buca Eğitim Fakültesi.
  • 5. Hasırcı S. (1995). Almanya’da Spor Bilimlerinde Eğitim Yolları ve Türkiye Karşılaştırması C.B.Ü. Beden Eğitimi ve Spor Bilimleri Dergisi. Cilt 1. Sayı 2.
  • 6. Kaya K.Y. (1974). İnsan Yetiştirme Düzenimiz. Ankara, Nüve Matbaası.
  • 7. Koçer H.A. (1983). Türkiye’de Modern Eğitimin Doğuşu ve Gelişimi. İstanbul, Milli Eğitim Basımevi.
  • 8. Milli Eğitim (1993). Milli Eğitim Bakanlığı. Özel Sayısı. İstanbul, Milli Eğitim Basımevi.
  • 9. Oğuzkan T. (1981). Türkiye’de Ortaöğretim Sorunları. İstanbul, Dünya ve Tıp Kitabevi.
  • 10. Oğuzkan T. (1976). Orta Dereceli Genel Öğretim Kurumlarının Gelişmesi, Cumhuriyet Döneminde Eğitim. İstanbul, Milli Eğitim Basımevi.
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.desklight-0077f2a8-3f26-4b69-b379-7e4babf7cb1b
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