ABC chorób zapalnych w paleopatologii
ABC of Inflammatory Diseases in Palaeopathology
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There were presented basic data concerning inflammatory diseases: pathogens, division – its criterion, main causes of diseases in individual periods, the impact of the environment on the occurrence of diseases, their course (the role of immunity). There were listed diseases leaving traces in the skeletal system, as well as there were presented the most frequent ones caused by bacteria, such as: purulent osteomyelitis and others of various etiopathogenesis, e.g. periodontosis, sinusitis, otitis media, meningitis as well as zoonoses, e.g. brucellosis, malleus, echinococcosis, and tuberculosis, syphilis, leprosy caused by specific factors and sarcoidosis of unknown etiology and pathogenesis. It was stressed that any careful study in the form of a compendium contains fairly comprehensible description of complex issues concerning the diagnosis of lesions in the archaeological material. An important issue is the epidemiology, but the state of the material, mostly accidental, rules out a full epidemiological picture of many diseases. There are helpful records in parish books and chronicles. But while using them, however, it should be taken into account the time of their creation – the level of medical knowledge. Figures allow to see the image of many inflammatory diseases. Acknowledgement: I thank Agnieszka Ruta MA for preparing figures and preliminary preparation for print.
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