„Dass dieses Haus halb von Juden, halb von Christen bewohnt werde“. Interreligiöse Stiftungen im jüdischen Bürgertum am Beispiel Prags in der zweiten Hälfte des 19. Jahrhunderts
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“So that this house be inhabited half by Jews, half by Christians”. Interreligious foundations set up by the Jewish middle classes in Prague during the Second half of the 19th century
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This article deals with the foundations for the poor set up by Prague Jewish middle classes in the second half of the 19th century. This group of citizens was rather often involved in interconfessional foundations destined to benefit both the Jews and the Christians alike. In terms of their concept, the foundations were based on the social self-interpretation of their Jewish patrons. Until the last third of the 19th century, i.e. their emancipation in 1867, they understood themselves as separate from the majority society as it was stipulated by law. Thus, the Jewish patrons were primarily concerned with the social categories of “Jewish” versus “non-Jewish” which were to be balanced in their equal foundations. As a result, the nationality question, which evolved into its most virulent form towards the end of the 19th century, did not, in fact, play any role in the foundations for the poor existing at that time.
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