Educational activity of the National Heritage Board of Poland
At the end of 2006, the Centre for the Protection of Archaeological Heritage and the National Centre for Research and Documentation of Monuments were merged, a new statute of the institution was prepared and the name “National Centre for Research and Documentation of Monuments” was retained. The statute reflected the new priority of the Centre’s activity – education in its broad sense. The Law of 26 July 2003 on the protection and care of monuments extended the role of owners of monuments in the protection of monuments and their responsibility. The problem of the new legal system was the enforcement of legal provisions – a consequence of low social awareness of the role of cultural heritage for the nation and local communities. Paulina Florjanowicz, Deputy Director of NCRDM decided to prepare the educational strategy of the Centre for years 2007-2011. The analysis of the situation helped to find out the reasons of the present situation – years of neglect in the protection of monuments, the decentralisation of conservation services, the low awareness of rights and obligations of owners of monuments and the low level of social engagement in the preservation of the cultural heritage. The analysis distinguished between three target groups and aims of educational and popularisation activities. On 23 December 2010, the Minister of Culture and National Heritage signed an order regarding the change of the name and scope of activity of NCRDM, which was transformed into the National Heritage Board of Poland. Changes created a strong basis for activities determined by the educational strategy and its adoption resulted in the performance of annually planned educational activities addressed to three groups. Activities were regular and cyclical or carried out as projects. Among important activities there were those involving the implementation or the use of the website of NHBP and social networking services. Activities addressed to specialists included training courses for uniformed services, co-operation with Voivodeship Offices for the Protection of Monuments and the propagation of standards of protection, the issuing of the Kurier Konserwatorski magazine, speeches delivered by employees of the Board at courses and conferences regarding the protection and care of monuments that were organised independently or jointly by the Board or any other entity. Activities addressed to owners and administrators of monuments concerned co-operation with custodians of World Heritage sites and history monuments. NCRDM/NHBP organised conferences and workshop meetings that created opportunities to exchange knowledge and experiences. NCRDM started to build a brand of history monuments. The form of support of owners and administrators of monuments is the competition „Well Cared- For Monument” that has been organised by NHBP since 2011. The most important tasks of the educational strategy of NHBP include the co-ordination of European Heritage Days promoting regional cultural heritage (since 1993) and the conducting of the “Voluntary work for the benefit of heritage” programme (since 2009). According to public surveys regarding cultural heritage that were ordered at the end of 2011, 89% of respondents think that heritage plays an important social role, but the level of Poles’ knowledge of the rules of its protection is low. This confirms the rightness of choice of priorities in NHBP’s activities.
Ukończył studia w Instytucie Archeologii Uniwersytetu Warszawskiego, w Katedrze Antropologii Historycznej. Wykładowca na studiach podyplomowych Ochrona i Zarządzanie Dziedzictwem Archeologicznym organizowanych przez NID i UAM. Prowadził także działalność dydaktyczną w Wyższej Szkole Pedagogicznej – Towarzystwie Wiedzy Powszechnej w Warszawie. Współautor programów szkoleń służb mundurowych w zakresie zwalczania przestępczości przeciw dziedzictwu archeologicznemu realizowanych przez NID. Od 2001 r. zawodowo zaangażowany w edukację, promocję i ochronę dziedzictwa kulturowego. Od 2008 r. uczestniczy w pracach European Heritage Legal Forum. Od 2011 r. zastępca dyrektora Narodowego Instytutu Dziedzictwa. Nadzoruje pracę działów: Strategii Zarządzania Dziedzictwem, Digitalizacji Zabytków i Muzealiów oraz Edukacji o Dziedzictwie.
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