In the herein article the forty-four lexical units were analysed thoroughly by semasiological method. They were coupled with the middle and modern-Polish ‘women’s trouble’. The written material was gathered throughout based upon the formal structure of collected lexemes. It turned out that the investigated units concentrated around six fields: 1. Uterus, 2. Secretions, 3. Breath, 4. Pain, 5. Time, 6. Woman. The primary meaning of many analysed appellations were neutral, they were concerned mainly with the physical ailments. Around the 19th century the researched units were correlated with the hysteria. The ongoing and signalized semantic change was influenced by the socio-cultural factors. The fashion of that time contributed deeply to the manifestation of these supposed women’s maladies.