PL EN


2018 | 18 | 1 | 353-373
Article title

The implementation of Circular Economy Concept in the Polish Coal Combustion Products Sector – selected problems

Authors
Content
Title variants
PL
WYBRANE PROBLEMY IMPLEMENTACJI KONCEPCJI GOSPODARKI OBIEGU ZAMKNIĘTEGO (GOZ) W SEKTORZE UBOCZNYCH PRODUKTÓW SPALANIA (UPS) W POLSCE
Languages of publication
EN
Abstracts
EN
The EU economy is currently losing a significant amount of potential secondary raw materials which are present in waste streams (particular numerical data are presented in the paper). In the total amount of generated waste, the share of Coal Combustion Products (CCPs) and Coal Mining Products (CMPs) is particularly high, which is generated mainly by Central and Eastern European Countries (CEECs), where we come to deal with high consumption of energy produced by coal combustion and coal mining processes. The problem concerns, in particular, the Polish economy. Consequently, the European Commission (EC) has developed a closed-loop (circular) economy concept (CEC), whose implementation should contribute to reducing CCPs negative impact on the economy, not only in the ecological, but also in social and economic aspects. Closed-loop (circular) economy keeps products, parts and materials in economic circulation, as long as possible, using as little resources as possible. This concept was presented in the document published by the European Commission: Circular Economy Package, which also includes the Communication of the Commission: Closing the Loop – An EU Action Plan for the Circular Economy (2015). Recent trends suggest that further progress in resource efficiency is possible and it can bring major economic, environmental and social benefits. Turning waste, especially CCPs, into a resource is an essential part of increasing resource efficiency and closing the loop in a circular economy. There are four key areas of CCPs use: construction, road construction, energy and road maintenance. Increasing the use of CCPs can be achieved by granting a legal status to waste products and convincing consumers and business of the following benefits of using them: decreasing production costs by substituting natural aggregate with waste aggregates (based on CCPs), reducing greenhouse gas emissions, and increasing energy efficiency. As a result, CCPs must comply with certain technical standards set by the EU and implemented in the Polish economy. The study attempts to estimate, using comparative analysis, the economic, social and environmental benefits of implementation of CEC in the CCPs sector of the Polish economy.
PL
Gospodarka UE traci obecnie znaczną ilość potencjalnych wtórnych surowców, które są obecne w strumieniach odpadów. W 2013 r. Całkowite wytwarzanie odpadów w UE wyniosło około 2,5 mld ton, z czego 1,6 miliarda ton nie zostało ponownie wykorzystane lub poddane recyklingowi, a zatem uważa się je za stratę dla gospodarki europejskiej. Szacuje się, że dodatkowe 600 milionów ton można poddać recyklingowi lub ponownie wykorzystać. Każdego roku w Europie wytwarzane jest około 700 milionów minerałów antropogenicznych, w tym około 150 milionów ton produktów spalania węgla (UPS) w energetyce. W 28 państwach członkowskich Unii Europejskiej produkuje się ponad 100 milionów ton, z czego ponad 20 milionów ton w Polsce. Gospodarka w zamkniętych pętlach utrzymuje produkty, części i materiały w obiegu gospodarczym tak długo, jak to możliwe, wykorzystując jak najmniej zasobów. Koncepcja ta została zaprezentowana w dokumencie opublikowanym przez Komisję Europejską: Circular Economy Package (CEP), który obejmuje również komunikat Komisji: Zamknięcie pętli - plan działania UE na rzecz gospodarki okrągłej. Ostatnie trendy sugerują, że dalsze postępy w zakresie efektywnego gospodarowania zasobami są możliwe i mogą przynieść znaczne korzyści gospodarcze, środowiskowe i społeczne. Przenoszenie odpadów do zasobów stanowi zasadniczą część zwiększenia efektywności wykorzystania zasobów i zamykania pętli w okrągłej gospodarce. Istnieją cztery główne obszary zastosowań UPS: budownictwo, budowa dróg, energia i utrzymanie dróg. Zwiększenie wykorzystania UPS można osiągnąć poprzez nadanie statusu prawnego odpadom produktów i przekonywanie konsumentów i przedsiębiorstw do następujących korzyści związanych z ich używaniem: obniżenie kosztów produkcji poprzez zastąpienie naturalnego agregatu odpadami (na podstawie UPS), redukcja emisji gazów cieplarnianych, I zwiększenie efektywności energetycznej. W rezultacie UPS musi spełniać określone normy techniczne ustalone przez UE i wprowadzać do polskiej gospodarki. W opracowaniu podjęto próbę oszacowania, stosując analizę porównawczą, korzyści ekonomicznych, społecznych i środowiskowych wynikających z wdrożenia koncepcji gospodarki obiegu zamkniętego (GOZ) dla sektora UPS polskiej gospodarki.
Year
Volume
18
Issue
1
Pages
353-373
Physical description
Dates
published
2018-03-01
Contributors
author
  • Cracow University of Economics
References
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Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.desklight-0351b9f8-bee3-4bbc-98be-53b41c8c549a
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