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2020 | 4 (102) | 20-32

Article title

Ocena potencjału działań Programu Rozwoju Obszarów Wiejskich w ograniczeniu emisji gazów cieplarnianych w rolnictwie polskim



Title variants

Evaluation of the potential of Rural Development Programme measures for greenhouse gas emission reduction in polish agriculture

Languages of publication



Ocena efektywności i skuteczności działań klimatycznych oraz rolno-środowiskowo-klimatycznych zaprogramowanych w polityce rozwoju obszarów wiejskich wymaga dostępu do wiarygodnych danych na temat wpływu stosowania różnych praktyk rolnych na redukcję emisji gazów cieplarnianych. W pracy podjęto próbę scharakteryzowania potencjału redukcyjnego działań wspieranych przez instrumenty Programu Rozwoju Obszarów Wiejskich (PROW). Z przedstawionego przeglądu wskaźników literaturowych wynika, że priorytetem powinno być wsparcie zakładania lasów oraz ekstensywnych form produkcji rolnej na trwałych użytkach zielonych oraz naturalnych siedliskach, pełniących funkcję pochłaniacza dwutlenku węgla, przy jednoczesnym ograniczeniu wsparcia intensywnego chowu zwierząt. Drugim obszarem priorytetowym są działania w zakresie poprawy efektywności i ograniczenia emisji wysokonakładowych technologii rolniczych: uprawa konserwująca, racjonalizacja nawożenia mineralnego, technologie przetwarzania nawozów naturalnych, odnawialne źródła energii oraz optymalizacja systemów żywienia i utrzymania zwierząt.
In order to evaluate efficiency and effectiveness of climate measure and agri-environment-climate measures for Common Agricultural Policy programming, one needs to have access to reliable data on the effects of agricultural practices use on greenhouse gas (GHG) emission reduction. In the paper, the attempt was made to describe GHG abatement potential for Rural Development Programme measures. The literature review shows, that the priority must be afforestation of agricultural land and extensive management of grasslands that contribute significantly to soil carbon accumulation. Intensive animal farming is to be limited at the same time. Further actions should focus on improving efficiency and reducing GHG emission of intensive agricultural technologies, that is to say conservation agriculture, optimizing organic and mineral fertilization, technologies for processing of organic fertilizers, renewable energy sources and optimizing feeding and management strategies for livestock.





Physical description




  • Instytut Uprawy, Nawożenia i Gleboznawstwa – Państwowy Instytut Badawczy


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