ОСНОВНІ ЗАСАДИ СТАНОВЛЕННЯ НАЦІОНАЛЬНОГО СТУДЕНТСЬКОГО СОЮЗУ ЯК СУБ’ЄКТА МОДЕРНІЗАЦІЇ ВІТЧИЗНЯНОЇ ВИЩОЇ ОСВІТИ
Basic principles of the National students’ union development as a subject of higher education modernization.
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In the article the main factors, purpose and principles of student engagementin the modernization of national higher education are characterised. Socio-political factors include higher education democratization worldwide, high level of corruption in the system of higher education governance in Ukraine, urgent need for qualified specialists with a developed citizen competence, growing student political activism and others. Major socio-economic factors are the economy of the state budget in the conditions of its deficit due to the lack of financing in the social sphere, education in particular, and higher education commercialization. Finally, among the academic factors the most important is the necessity of higher education quality assurance. So, the main goal of student engagement into the process of higher education modernization at all levels is to improve the quality through the establishment of a partnership culture and the development of democratic foundations in the educational environment. The principles which must be considered as fundamental for the development of a strong student union at the national level are the following: the principle of representativeness, democracy and transparency, non-profit objectives, solidarity, equality, purposefulness, proactivity and impartiality. The mission of the NUS is to represent and protect the educational, socio-political, economic and cultural interests and students’ rights in the nation-wide dimension. On the basis of the systemic and functional analysis of the European Students’ Union, a model for the development of a national student union as a subject of the higher education modernization was produced. The mission and the priorities of the Union are realized through the components of normative, organizational, content, procedural and result blocks, which implies the interconnection of its structural components, as well as the content, forms, methods and means of influencing the decision-making processin higher education. The result component is understood as the NUS’s readiness for constructive cooperation with the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine, the National Quality Assurance Agency, universities, regional and institutional students’unionsin order to raise the quality of HE. It is proved that student involvement in the production and implementation of the state strategy for the modernization of higher education system is an important condition for the success of this process.
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