ВИТОКИ СТАНОВЛЕННЯ Й РОЗВИТКУ ІДЕЇ МИСТЕЦЬКОЇ ОСВІТИ ЖІНОК У ЗАРУБІЖНІЙ ПЕДАГОГІЧНІЙ ДУМЦІ
The origins of formation and development of idea of artistic education of women in foreign pedagogical thought.
Languages of publication
In the article the process of formation and development of artistic education of women in the European educational paradigm is revealed. The author analyzed and systematized the views of philosophers, teachers, and artists on the studied problem. The approaches of pedagogues-scientists of foreign countries to the definition of purpose, objectives, and components of art education of women in different historical periods are characterized. The author states that the experience of using art in the education of women has deep roots. In Ancient times a chief form of artistic activity of women was music and singing. It’s common knowledge that it was a period of qualitative changes in human history, the period of the birth of new forms of social and cultural life, which first appeared in the establishment of Greek city-states with developed form of democratic foundations of civic community. Art education for women in ancient civilizations was mandatory and provided them with the opportunity to learn a profession and to participate in religious ceremonies. In Ancient times art education was available within the school of education and covered the vocal and choreography training. This was facilitated by the philosophical thought of Ancient Greece and Rome, was dedicated to art theory and laid the foundation for the further development of art education of women. The Middle Ages set before the woman of a high social status the mandatory tasks of art education, as a measure of her education. At monastery schools, the girls studied music and choral singing for the further performance during worship. Despite the fact that in this historical period, there was some decline in the development of education, but the issue of art education of women was considered both by the representatives of classical educational thought, and the clergy. However, during this historical period appeared the works on girls’ education and respectable behavior of women. The work, which was translated into many languages and on the basis of which subsequently emerged other similar works, was "Cortegiano" of Baldassare Castliglione. The prospects for further developments in this direction are seen in the analysis of foreign educational thought of the Renaissance and the New time for the organization of art education of women.
Publication order reference