Rukopisná kultura Čech 17. a 18. století v zrcadle muzejních sbírek
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Manuscript Culture of Bohemia in 17th and 18th Centuries in the Mirror of Museum Collections
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The article analyses early modern manuscript culture in Bohemia. It is based on the material from manuscript collections of regional museums of Bohemia, described in the Inventory of the 17th and 18th century manuscripts from the museum collections in Bohemia I–II (94 museums, 3298 manuscripts). It classifies the manuscripts according to the date of origin, the language or languages used and the genre or subject matter, describes main trends and tries to trace the causes of its findings. It shows that the great majority of the manuscripts comprised in the Inventory are of religious content and belong to the domain of popular culture (they were written by people from lower social classes or were designed for them or were adapted by them). Manuscripts designed for the educated elites are found here only exceptionally and they mostly come from the libraries of abolished monasteries. However, the ever increasing quantity of manuscripts written from the 2nd third of the 18th century onwards shows that manuscript publication was not of marginal importance and was not replaced by growing printed production. On the contrary, it served the dissemination of texts of specific purpose and use, namely those which were objects of religious veneration, belonged to the community rather than to an individual, possessed magic powers or served long-term educational or practical purposes.
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