Miejsce stałego pobytu dziecka. Cywilnoprawne aspekty uprowadzenia dziecka za granicę
Habitual Residence of a Child. Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction
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The Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction provides no fixed definition of its central term of habitual residence of a child. Recently, in Monasky v. Taglieri the U.S. Supreme Court reviewed the determination of an abducted child’s habitual residence, resolved a split among circuit courts regarding the focus of habitual residence inquiry as to whether habitual residence should be determined using objective evidence of the child’s perspective, subjective evidence of parental intent and established the new “totalityof-the-circumstances” standard of review. As this is quite a different position as compared to the position of the Polish Supreme Court who decided that the intentions of caregiving parents are not relevant considerations in determining a child’s habitual residence, this article analyses recent US developments arguing that the Polish Supreme Court position should be changed.
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