Polska wyprawa na Spitsbergen w 1934 roku
Polish expedition to Spitsbergen in 1934
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Polish expedition to Spitsbergen in 1934 was already the second Polish polar expedition to the Arctic. It was scientific-mountaineering in character. 7 persons took part in it: Witold Biernawski (1898-1957) – film-maker and radiotelegraph operator, Stefan Bernadzikiewicz (1907-1939) – expedition leader, Henryk Mogilnicki (1906-1999) – photographer and radiotelegraph operator, Stefan Zbigniew Różycki (1906-1988) – geologist, Stanisław Siedlecki (1912-2002) – meteorological observer, Sylweriusz Bohdan Zagrajski (1892-1940) – triangulator, Antoni Rogal-Zawadzki (1896-1974) – topographer and photogrammetrist. The purpose of this expedition was to collect data in geology and cartography, and to a lesser degree – in glaciology, botany, zoology and meteorology. It lasted from May 20 to September 16, 1934. The time between June 20 – August 28 the group spent on Spitsbergen’s Torell Land. The outcome: an area of app. 300 square kilometres of previously undiscovered land was marked by triangular system, covered by photogrammetric photos and surveyed. Geological research covered the land of app. 500 square kilometres and the group collected geological specimens of app. 800 kg in weight. On the basis of their research, two maps (at a scale of 1:50 000 and 1:200 000) were published. The participants collected also botanical and zoological material. Meteorological observations were carried out at the base over Van Keulen fjord throughout the whole expedition. Different objects on Torell Land were named by the expedition, their names referring largely to Poland (Annex I). Approximately 200 photographs and a film were shot by the expedition. Apart from scientific research, the participants published also diaries of the expedition.
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