Polityka rozwoju obszarów wiejskich w perspektywie lat 2014–2020 w kontekście nowych wyzwań
The rural development policy in years 2014–2020 in the context of new challenges
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This Article shall aims to show the normative form of rural development policy in the perspective of the years 2014–2020. The problem of the above issues was set out detailed in the comprehensive package of legislative proposals relates to supporting rural development, financing of agricultural policy and regulations in structural funds. The proposed changes of rural development are determined by several factors, in particular international context, height of the agricultural budget, the legislative changes introduced by Treaty of Lisbon and new global challenges, such a global warming, lack of energy sources, water shortage. It should be emphasized that new goals and priorities of rural development were set out in discussed legislative package. Furthermore the above sets out new legal measures regulating agricultural policy – aimed at promoting innovation, preventing adverse effects of climate change, increasing the share of renewable energy. In proposed arrangements, a far – reaching modifications of rural development policy’s instruments were set out, especially that which relates to agri–environment payments system (that is LFA payments). In connection with the appearance of various risks in the agriculture sector having natural, market and sanitary features, the legislative package also provides a new set of risk management legal instruments. Referring to the financial aspects of rural policy, it was pointed out to the fact that despite the planned extension of the scope of rural policy, current level of financial support for rural policy has been kept. This openes to doubts. It should be added that the increasing tendency of shifting the cost of financing the rural policy on national budgets, which in a single agricultural market will contribute to the diversification of the competitiveness of the agricultural sectors of each Member States of the EU – was also negatively assessed.
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