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2010 | 11 - Chiny i państwa azjatyckie - karty z historii i wyzwania współczesności | 419-451

Article title

"Wielki zwrot": Polityka zagraniczna Wietnamu w okresie odnowy (Doi Moi)


Title variants

"Great Reverse": Foreign Policy of Vietnam During DoiMoi Period

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During the 6th Congress of the Communist Party of Vietnam in December 1986 it was decided to launch the reform process („doi moi") which results significant transformation of Vietnamese foreign and economic policies. The reason for introducing the reforms were internal problems (economic crisis caused by the implementation of the socialist model), as well as the external (international isolation caused by Vietnam's military intervention in Cambodia and dwindling aid from the CMEA countries). Changes in foreign policy werenecessary and integral part of the whole process of doi moi. Economic development required the creation of appropriate international conditions: moving out of the country's isolation and construction of a stable and peaceful environment. The revised doctrine of foreign policy in Vietnam was based on the principles of: (a) multilateralism: peaceful cooperation with all countries; (b) renunciation of dichotomous perception of international reality, based on ideological criteria; (c) conception of „integral safety" involving economic, political and military issues; (d) „economic diplomacy" as a one of foreign policy priority. Implementation of these rules brought tangible benefits to Vietnam. Economic success of the 90s was largely the result of the opening of SRV on multilateral, international cooperation.



  • Centrum Studiów Polska-Azja


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