ОРГАНІЗАЦІЯ ДОСЛІДНИЦЬКОЇ ДІЯЛЬНОСТІ СТАРШОКЛАСНИКІВ У ПРОЦЕСІ НАВЧАННЯ ХІМІЇ
The organization of research activity of senior pupils in the process of study of chemistry.
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The article emphasizes the urgency of forming individual research competence. The aim of the article is to expose the state of organization of research activity of the teachers at the chemistry lessons and peculiarities of teaching senior pupils to realize this purpose and, as a result, form their research competence. Based on the analysis and generalization of scientific and methodological literature the main approaches to the definition of “research competence”, “research activities” are described. Interpretation of results of the conducted pedagogical experiment allowed exposing the state of organization of research activity by the teachers at the chemistry lessons. Most teachers that took part in a questionnaire adhere to the idea, that it is needed to engage their students in research work. The half of respondents considers it obligatory, in fact in the future it will determine efficiency of the professional activity, and other half of respondents is apt to the same idea, but at presence of the corresponding rigging – material base and sufficient amount of spare time. In conclusion the author stresses that in research literature there is not the only definition of the concept “research competence”. In a pedagogical experiment for the basis was taken following: “integral quality of the personality, that shows up in readiness and capacity for independent activity from solving of research tasks and creative transformation of reality on the basis of totality of the realized by the personality knowledge, abilities, skills, valued relations”. Many teachers support this idea. The pedagogical research conducted in the article allowed to set forth the prospects of further study in this direction, namely: development and approbation of the methodological system that will include for itself systematic work with students during chemistry lessons, and also in extracurricular activities that will allow to organize research activity effectively and will assist acquisition of research competence by the senior pupils.
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