PL EN


2015 | 11 | 119-127
Article title

RISK-TAKING FACTORS IN BACKPACKER TOURISM

Content
Title variants
PL
CZYNNIKI PODEJMOWANIA ZACHOWAŃ RYZYKOWNYCH W TURYSTYCE BACKPACKERSKIEJ
Languages of publication
EN
Abstracts
EN
Risk is an inseparable attribute of backpacking travels and their distinguishing feature against forms of mass tourism. The risk typical of this type of traveling includes, among others, risky behaviors resulting from traveling to regions which are distant geographically, culturally, climatically, and environmentally; engaging in extreme and dangerous behaviors. Numerous academic centers carry out research allowing not only to know the backpackers’ approach to risk, but also the scale of their engagement in risky behaviors and the reasons for it. In the following article, the results of such research have been presented. A thorough analysis thereof allowed to identify more fully the risk involved in backpacking, and to define more precisely the factors governing the risks undertaken by backpackers on their long journeys.
PL
Ryzyko jest nieodłącznym atrybutem podróży backpackerskich i wyróżnikiem wobec turystyki masowej. Do grupy ryzyka, charakterystycznego dla tego typu podróżowania, zalicza się m.in. ryzykowne zachowania wynikające m.in. z podróżowania po odległych geograficznie, kulturowo, klimatycznie i przyrodniczo rejonach świata, podejmowanie ekstremalnych i niebezpiecznych zachowań. W różnorodnych ośrodkach naukowych na świecie prowadzone są badania pozwalające poznać nie tylko stosunek backpackerów do ryzyka, lecz także skalę ich zaangażowania w działania ryzykowne oraz przyczyny podejmowania zachowań ryzykownych. W niniejszym artykule zostały przedstawione wyniki tych badań zostały. Ich szczegółowa analiza pozwoliła na pełniejszą identyfikację ryzyka w backpackingu oraz na dookreślenie czynników podejmowania przez backpackerów zachowań ryzykownych w trakcie odbywania przez nich dalekich podróży.
Year
Issue
11
Pages
119-127
Physical description
Contributors
References
  • Beck, U. (1992). Risk Society: Toward a New Modernity. London.
  • Bernstein, P.L. (1995). Risk as a History of Ideas. Financial Analysis Journal, 1 (51).
  • Bernstein, P.L. (1997). Przeciw bogom. Niezwykłe dzieje ryzyka. Warszawa.
  • Chatterjeee, S. (1999). Compliance of malaria chemoprophylaxis among travelers to India. Journal of Travel Medicine, (1) 6.
  • Clift, S. & Grabowski, P. (eds.) (1997). Tourism and Health: Risks, Research and Responses. London.
  • Dake, K. (1992). Myths of Nature: Culture and the Social Construction of Risk. Journal of Social Issues, 4 (48).
  • Desforges, L. (2000). Traveling the World. Identity and Travel Biography. Annals of Tourism Research, 4 (27).
  • Douglas, M. (1992). Risk and Blame: Essays in Cultural Theory. London.
  • Elsrud, T. (2001). Risk creation in traveling. Backpacker Adventure Narration. Annals of Tourism Research, 3 (28).
  • Fuchs, G. (2013). Low Versus High Sensation-seeking Tourists: a Study of Backpackers’ Experience Risk Perception. International Journal of Tourism Research, 15.
  • Giddens, A. (1991). Modernity and Self-Identity: Self and Society in the Late Modern Age. Cambridge.
  • Hillman, W. & Radel, K. (2012). Risk and Dangerous Travel Experiences around Australia. In: L. Cheshire & A. Broom (eds.), The annual conference of The Australian Sociological Association 2012: Emerging and Enduring Inequalities, 26th–29th November 2012, Brisbane.
  • Issahaku, A. (2015). Backpackers’ risk perceptions and risk reduction strategies in Ghana. Tourism Management, 49.
  • Jaeger, C.C., Webler, T., Rosa, E.A. & Renn, O. (2001). Risk, Uncertainty and Rational Action. London.
  • Kozak, M., Crotts, J.C. & Law, R. (2007). The Impact of the perception of risk on international travellers. International Journal of Tourism Research, 4 (9).
  • Leggat, P.A. & Shaw M.T. (2003). Travel Health Advice for Backpackers. Journal of Travel Medicine, 6 (10).
  • Lepp, A. & Gibson, H. (2003). Tourist Roles, Perceived Risk and International Tourism. Annals of Tourism Research, 30.
  • Lepp, A. & Gibson, H. (2008). Sensation seeking and tourism: Tourist role, perception of risk and destination choice. Tourism Management, 4 (29).
  • Luhmann, N. (1993). Risk. A sociological theory. New York.
  • Lupton, D. & Tulloch, B. (2002). “Life Would be Pretty Dull Without Risk”: Voluntary Risk-Taking and its Pleasure. Health, Risk and Society, 2 (4).
  • Mathlein, A. (1998). Travel Appendix. Dagens Nyheter, November, 22.
  • Michalak, J. (2001). Refleksje nad pojęciem ryzyka. Ruch Prawniczy, Ekonomiczny i Socjologiczny, 1.
  • Moscardo, G. & Benckendorff, P. (2007). Misunderstanding Generation Y: Risks for tourism managers. In: R.N. Moisey & W.C. Norman (eds.). Travel and Tourism Research Association, 38th Annual Conference Proceedings. Beating the Odds with Tourism Research: Travel and Tourism Research Association 38th Annual Conference. Las Vegas, Nevada.
  • O’Reilly, C.C. (2004). From Drifter to Gap Year: A Brief History of Backpacking. Roehampton.
  • Pałubicka, A. (1990). Kulturowy wymiar ludzkiego świata obiektywnego. Poznań.
  • Peach, H. G. & Bath, N. E. (2000). Health and safety problems and lack of information among international visitors backpacking through north Queensland. Journal of Travel Medicine, 7.
  • Piyaphanee, W., Wattanagoon, Y., Silachamroon, U., Mansanguan, C., Wichianprasat, P. & Walker, E. (2009). Knowledge, attitudes, and practices among foreign backpackers toward malaria risk in southeast Asia. Journal of Travel Medicine, 2 (16).
  • Renn, O. (1992). Concepts of Risk: A Classification. In: S. Krimsky & D. Golding (eds.). Social Theories of Risk. Westport, CT.
  • Reichel, A., Fuchs, G. & Uriely, N. (2007). Perceived Risk and the Non-Institutionalized Tourist Role: The Case of Israeli Student Ex-Backpackers. Journal of Travel Research, 2 (46).
  • Reisinger, Y. & Mavondo, F. (2006). Cultural differences in travel risk perception. Journal of Travel & Tourism Marketing, 1 (20).
  • Richards, G. & Wilson, J. (eds.) (2004). The Global Nomad: Backpacker Travel in Theory and Practice. Clevedon.
  • Riley, P. (1988). Road Culture of International Long-Term Budget Travelers. Annals of Tourism Research, 3 (15).
  • Ronka-Chmielowiec, W. (2003). Modelowanie ryzyka w ubezpieczeniach. Wybrane zagadnienia. Wrocław.
  • Ryan, C. (2003). Risk Acceptance in Adventure Tourism: Paradox and Context. In: J. Wilks and S. Page (eds.). Managing Tourist Health and Safety in the New Millennium. Amsterdam.
  • The New Oxford Dictionary of English (1999). Oxford.
  • Tutenges, S. (2009). Safety problems among heavy-drinking youth at a Bulgarian nightlife resort. International Journal of Drug Policy, 5 (20).
  • Uriely, N. & Belhassen, Y. (2005). Drugs and Risk-Taking in Tourism. Annals of Tourism Research, 2 (33).
  • Vaughan, E.J. (1997). Risk Management. New York.
  • Wang, N. (1999). Rethinking Authenticity in Tourism Experience. Annals of Tourism Research, 2 (26).
  • Watcharapong, P., Prapimporn, S., Weerapong, P., Piyada, U., Pongdej, W., Maneerat, B., Thitiya, P. & Terapong, T. (2010). Rabies Exposure Risk among Foreign Backpackers in Southeast Asia. The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 6 (82).
  • Wickens, E. (1997). Licensed for Thrill: Risk-Taking and Tourism. In: S. Clift & P. Grabowski (eds.). Tourism and Health. London.
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.desklight-04b1a126-f48a-4cca-b310-87065a7a1822
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.