The article describes the state of Czech textual criticism at the time of the publication of Editologie (2018), a methodological compendium in which its main authors, Michal Kosák and Jiří Flaišman, summarize, evaluate and elaborate procedures established by the handbook Editor and Text in 1971. One of the characteristics of today’s situation in the field of textology is the existence of multiple book series. The Variants series (Edice Varianty), which was launched in 2009, focuses on both original works and translations of textual criticism. The Hybrid Scholarly Edition series (Kritická hybridní edice), starting in 2012, is released in both electronic and print media, allowing for scientific and readership editions. The oldest series, The Czech Library (Česká knižnice), which began in 1997, provides a platform for the professional preparation of texts, from the earliest publications to living authors. The publishing industry has been simultaneously sidelining the textological profession, and the contemporary reader is faced with an increasing number of unidentified editions.