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2019 | 6 (52) | 165-183

Article title

Native Americans’ Right to Vote – Selected Aspects


Title variants

Prawo rdzennych Amerykanów do głosowania – wybrane aspekty

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Celem artykułu jest zweryfikowanie tezy, według której czynne prawa wyborcze są jedny- mi z najczęściej łamanych praw przysługujących ludności rdzennej. Historia stosunków USA z plemionami Indian Ameryki Północnej charakteryzuje się szeregiem zerwanych traktatów i niedotrzymanych obietnic, w tym dotyczących praw wyboru przedstawicieli na poszczególnych szczeblach władzy. O ważkości opisywanych zagadnień świadczy nie tylko systematycznie rosnąca liczba spraw sądowych dotyczących praw wyborczych, ale także szereg inicjatyw prawnych zaproponowanych w amerykańskim Kongresie w celu lepszego ich egzekwowania. W pierwszej części artykułu wymieniono główne przyczyny pozbawiania Indian czynnych praw wyborczych. Następnie wyjaśniono, w jaki sposób ograniczenia te zostały wdrożone. W trzeciej części autorzy wskazali na najważniejsze etapy, jakie musieli pokonać rdzenni Amerykanie w procesie ubiegania się o zagwaran- towanie prawa do głosowania. Ostateczne uzyskanie czynnych praw wyborczych nie za- kończyło walki rdzennych Amerykanów o równe traktowanie. Wręcz przeciwnie, lista spraw sądowych opartych na naruszeniach Ustawy o prawie do głosowania wciąż się roz- szerza, co opisano w czwartej części artykułu. Część piąta analizuje współczesne kwestie dotyczące czynnego prawa wyborczego Indian Ameryki Północnej.
The purpose of this paper is to verify the thesis that the right to vote is one of the most significant fields of Indigenous Peoples Rights’ violations. History of the U.S. relations with Native tribes is a history of broken treaties and promises, including these pertain- ing to voting. It is vital to keep track of issues related to voting rights, not only because of the constantly increasing number of court cases related to this issue, but also several legal initiatives proposed in Congress with the aim to make the right to vote more ap- plicable. The first part of the paper enumerates the main reasons for the denial of In- dian Voting Rights. It is followed by the explanation how these limitations were imple- mented. The third part of the work describes how the Indigenous Americans struggled to receive the right to vote. However significant the moment of gaining the right was, it did not put an end to their struggle for equal treatment. On the contrary, a list of court cases based on Voting Rights Act violations is still extending, which is described in the fourth part of the paper. The fifth part examines contemporary issues regarding the Na- tive Americans’ right to vote.





Physical description




  • Faculty of Political Science and Security Studies at Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń
  • Faculty of Political Science and Security Studies at Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń


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Document Type

Publication order reference


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