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2017 | 7 | 203-224

Article title

Transgender issue in contemporary Iran: A theological reflection



Title variants

Kwestia transpłciowości we współczesnym Iranie: refleksja teologiczna

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The Islamic Republic of Iran is recognised as a theocratic political system with a touch of democratic elements. Since the last decade of the 20th century it is the only Islamic republic with sophisticated system for sex-change operations and procedures related to this issues. This unique situation was developed on the ruling of Ayatollah Khomeini concerning the Fereydoon Molkara’s case. He was born as a man and later identified himself as a woman. Current legal regulation in Iran not just allows sex-change procedure, it is recommended and even expected by the religious authorities that anyone who identifies himself with the other sex than he was born with would undertake the sex-change procedure. The paper deals with the historical and theological context of the issue.
Islamska Republika Iranu jest uznawana za teokratyczny system polityczny z elementami demokracji. Od ostatniej dekady XX wieku jest to jedyna islamska republika z wyrafinowanym systemem operacji związanych ze zmianą płci oraz procedurami dotyczącymi tej kwestii. Ta wyjątkowa sytuacja rozwinęła się za rządów Ayatollaha Chomeiniego w związku ze sprawą Foreydoona Molkara. Urodził się on jako mężczyzna, a później utożsamiał się jako kobieta. Aktualne przepisy prawne w Iranie nie tylko zezwalają na procedurę zmiany płci, jest ona zalecana, a nawet oczekiwana przez władze religijne, które mówią, że każdy, kto identyfikuje się z inną płcią niż ta, z którą się urodził, podejmie procedurę zmiany płci. Artykuł dotyczy historycznego i teologicznego kontekstu tego problemu.







Physical description


  • Sts. Cyril and Methodius Faculty of Theology, The Palacký University Olomouc


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