ФІНАНСОВО-ГОСПОДАРСЬКА ДІЯЛЬНІСТЬ А. МАКАРЕНКА – ЗАВІДУВАЧА ТРУДОВОЇ КОЛОНІЇ ім. М. ГОРЬКОГО
Financial and economic activity ofA. Makarenko – head of the labor camp named after M. Gorky
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One of the components of the management activity essence of the educational institution manager is financial and economic activity. It is necessary to single out head issues related to the school and all its subsystems functioning, school building adjacent territory maintenance and teaching team and auxiliary staff activity. At present, the scale and complexity of the activities are defined by self funding and self support of an educational establishment, its external relations, as well as the implementation of financial and business needs the manager has to possess special knowledge and skills, provide scientifically-based approach to the process of administration. Financial and economic activity of educational establishment manager is further complicated by extraordinary social and economic crisis in our country. So we see it urgent to study the experience of educational institutions managers who have managed successfully financial and economic activity under difficult socio-economic conditions. A. Makarenko is such a leader. The urgency of the problems raised in the article led to the definition of the purpose of this article, which was as follows: based on the study and analysis of the heritage of A. Makarenko according to the research of his works, archival research results, research materials reveal the essence of financial and economic activity of A. Makarenko. The chronological boundaries of the study: 1920-1928 – period of A. Makarenko’s management of laborcamp named after M. Gorky. As a result, the study was able to determine that the financial and economic activity of A. Makarenko in the specified chronological boundaries was aimed at providing educational process in terms of logistical arrangement of an institution, satisfying personal physical, moral and psychological needs of inmates and facility staff to achieve educational goals. The author concludes that the effectiveness of financial and economic activity of A. Makarenko became possible by saving, rational use of financial, material and human resources, motivation of the members of the labour camp and also business activities in solving financial problems.
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