The main objective of this paper is to present the main tasks included in the development of strategies (for local communities) and their further implementation. The study is empirically-oriented, since it is based on surveys carried out in selected communities in the Lower Silesia region. This paper is focused mainly on aspects which are important for the improvement of living conditions of local communities. It examines the level of awareness about the strategy among the inhabitants of examined communities, as well as the inhabitants’ assessment of its implementation. A preliminary analysis of our results has shown that the preparation and implementation of strategies in Lower Silesian communities should be improved. It has been suggested that the residents’ participation designing the strategy is also essential. Noteworthy, in the surveyed communities the activities which are carried out lead to positive changes. However, the directions of those strategies have not been discussed with the residents of the communities. It has also been observed that their realization is not consistent with the studies and developmental plans.