Hospodářské dějiny a business history ve francouzské historiografii
Selected contents from this journal
Economic History and Business History in French Historiography
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Since 1929 French historiography has been influenced by the Annales School (École des Annales). Both the founders and the first generation (1929–1945) Annales are considered by Marc Bloch and Lucien Febvre. Its leading lights at that time drew their inspiration from Auguste Comte’s positivist philosophy and proceeded in a way different from the so‑called methodic school that had affected the historical branches in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Until 1945, the Annales School represented of edge branch of French historiography. After 1945, her leaders came to the top positions in universities (and especially in Paris) and began to point the whole of French historiography. It was only then that they became a real school. It was the Annales that had changed approach to history. Its achievements were based on its more global view of the historical issues under review and especially on its efforts to foster cooperation and links among interdisciplinary and multidisciplinary institutes (among historians, sociologists, economists, mathematicians, geographers, anthropologists, psychologists, etymologists, statisticians, demographers, climatologists etc.).
Annales School economic and social history business history history of technology historiography Czech Lands France French universities grandes écoles École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales École polytechnique École normale supérieure Université Paris‑Saclay academic institutes International Economic History Association
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