PL EN


2019 | vol. 63, nr 6 | 101-112
Article title

The impact of minimum wages on employment and income inequalities – the Latin American experience

Authors
Content
Title variants
PL
Wpływ płacy minimalnej na zatrudnienie i nierówności dochodu – doświadczenia krajów Ameryki Łacińskiej
Languages of publication
EN
Abstracts
EN
The minimum wage is one of the most basic policy tools to provide workers with an adequate income and reduce excessive income inequalities. Traditional models of the labour market predict, however, that setting the minimum wage above the market-clearing level will lead to lower employment, especially for the least efficient workers. Recent experience in Latin American countries is in this context quite confusing – in some of them the minimum wage rose significantly, reducing wage disproportions, but at the same time employment increased and the informal sector shrank considerably. The trends were not stable, with a marked reversal visible in the last few years. The aim of the paper is to identify mechanisms through which the minimum wage affects labour market aggregates and to assess its impact on employment and income inequalities. Empirical data is analyzed for the region’s biggest economies.
PL
Płaca minimalna jest jednym z podstawowych narzędzi zapewnienia pracownikom godnego dochodu oraz redukowania jego nadmiernych nierówności. Jednak tradycyjne modele rynku pracy przewidują, że ustalenie płacy minimalnej powyżej poziomu oczyszczającego rynek doprowadzi do spadku zatrudnienia, zwłaszcza w przypadku najmniej wydajnych pracowników. W tym kontekście niedawne doświadczenia krajów Ameryki Łacińskiej są zastanawiające – w niektórych z nich płace minimalne znacznie wzrosły, co doprowadziło do zmniejszenia dysproporcji wynagrodzeń, ale jednocześnie wzrosło także zatrudnienie, a sektor nieformalny istotnie się skurczył. Trendy te nie okazały się jednak stabilne i po kilku latach wyraźnie się odwróciły. Celem artykułu jest identyfikacja mechanizmów, poprzez które płaca minimalna oddziałuje na zmienne rynku pracy, oraz ocena jej wpływu na zatrudnienie i nierówności dochodu. Do analizy wykorzystano dane głównych gospodarek regionu.
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Document Type
Publication order reference
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YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.desklight-059006be-a6ca-4956-83c4-8d348e750129
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