PL EN


2019 | 67 | 4 | 71-88
Article title

The Analytical Thomist And The Paradoxical Aquinas: Some Reflections On Kerr’s Aquinas’s Way To God

Content
Title variants
PL
Analityczny tomista i paradkoksalny Akwinata: Refleksje na kanwie Aquinas’s way to God Kerra
Languages of publication
EN
Abstracts
EN
My article critically evaluates five key claims in Kerr’s interpretation of Aquinas’s De Ente et Essentia, ch. 4, proof for God. The claims are: (1) the absolutely considered essence is a second intention, or cognitional being; (2) à la John Wippel, the real distinction between essence and existence is known before the proof; (3) contra David Twetten, Aristotelian form is not self-actuating and so requires actus essendi; (4) the De Ente proof for God uses the Principle of Sufficient Reason; (5) an infinite regress must be eliminated before concluding to God. This author wonders if these questionable claims are traceable to the mindset of analytic philosophy which values precision and discreteness and so can fail to appreciate crucial paradoxes in Aquinas’s metaphysics.
PL
Artykuł krytycznie ocenia pięć kluczowych twierdzeń w interpretacji De ente et essentia (rozdz. IV, dowód na istnienie Boga), jakie proponuje Kerr. Twierdzenia te są następujące: 1) istota rozpatrywana sama w sobie jest wtórną intencją lub bytem poznającym; 2) twierdzenie à la John Wippel—realną różnicę między istotą oraz istnieniem poznajemy przed dowodem; 3) wbrew Davidowi Twettenowi Arystotelesowska forma nie jest samoaktualizująca się, domaga się zatem actus essendi; 4) dowód na istnienie Boga z De ente stosuje zasadę racji dostatecznej; 5) należy odrzucić nieskończony regres przed dojściem do istnienia Boga. Autor zastanawia się, czy wątpliwe twierdzenia związane są z nastawieniem filozofii analitycznej, która preferuje precyzję i tendencję do wyodrębniania, a zatem może nie doceniać istotne paradoksy metafizyki Akwinaty.
Year
Volume
67
Issue
4
Pages
71-88
Physical description
Contributors
  • Professor Emeritus, from 1983 to 2018, professor at the Center for Thomistic Studies, University of St. Thomas, Houston, Texas, USA
References
  • AQUINAS. De Principiis Naturae, edited by John J. Pauson. Louvain: Editions E. Nauwelaers, 1950.
  • ASHLEY, Benedict. The Way Toward Wisdom: An Interdisciplinary and Intercultural Introduction to Metaphysics. Notre Dame: University of Notre Dame Press, 2006.
  • DAVIES, Brian. “Aquinas, God, and Being.” The Monist 80 (1997), no. 4: 500–20.
  • GEACH, Peter. Three Philosophers. Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1961.
  • HANKEY, Wayne. “From Metaphysics to History, from Exodus to Neoplatonism, from Scho¬lasti¬cism to Pluralism: The Fate of Gilsonian Thomism in English Speaking North America.” Dionysius 16 (1998): 157–88.
  • HENLE, Robert. Method in Metaphysics. Milwaukee: Marquette University Press, 1980.
  • KENNY, Anthony. The Five Ways: St. Thomas Aquinas’ Proofs of God’s Existence. New York: Schocken Books, 1969.
  • KERR, Gaven. Aquinas’s Way to God: The Proof in the De Ente et Essentia. Oxford: Oxford Uni-versity Press, 2015.
  • KNASAS, John F.X. “The Intellectual Phenomenology of De Ente et Essentia, Chapter Four.” The Re-view of Metaphysics 68 (2014), no. 1: 141–5.
  • KNASAS, John F.X. Thomistic Existentialism and Cosmological Reasoning. Washington, D.C.: The Catholic University of America Press, 2019.
  • MARITAIN, Jacques. Existence and the Existent. translated by Lewis Galantiere and Gerald B. Phelan. New York: Vintage Books, 1966.
  • MAURER, Armand. Introductory comments to translation of Aquinas’s On Being and Essence, 7–27. Toronto: Pontifical Institute of Medieval Studies, 1968.
  • MCCOOL, Gerald A. From Unity to Pluralism: The Internal Evolution of Thomism. New York: Fordham University Press, 1999.
  • MCINERNY, Ralph M. Praeambula Fidei: Thomism and the God of the Philosophers. Washington, D.C.: The Catholic University of America Press, 2006.
  • OWENS, Joseph. “The Range of Existence.” In Proceedings of the Seventh Inter-American Con¬gress of Philosophy. Québec: Les Presses de L’Université Laval, 1967.
  • OWENS, Joseph. The Future of Thomistic Metaphysics. Milwaukee: Marquette University Press, 1973.
  • OWENS, Joseph. “Aquinas and the Five Ways.” In St. Thomas Aquinas on the Existence of God: the Collected Papers of Joseph Owens, edited by John R. Catan, 132–41. Albany: State Universi-ty of New York Press, 1980, 1980.
  • OWENS, Joseph. “Aristotle: Cognition a Way of Being.” In Aristotle: The Collected Papers of Jo¬seph Owens, edited by John R. Catan, 74–80. Albany: State University of New York Press, 1981.
  • OWENS, Joseph. “Stages and Distinction in De Ente*: A Rejoinder.” The Thomist 45 (1981), no. 1: 99–123.
  • OWENS, Joseph. Cognition: An Epistemological Inquiry. Houston: Center for Thomistic Stud¬ies, 1992.
  • OWENS, Joseph. An Elementary Christian Metaphysics. Houston: Center for Thomistic Studies, 1985.
  • ROWE, William. The Cosmological Argument. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1975.
  • WIPPEL, John. The Metaphysical Thought of Thomas Aquinas: From Finite Being to Uncreated Be-ing. Washington, D.C.: The Catholic University of America Press, 2000.
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.desklight-05ae78d4-bb7f-432d-9654-10b3d9364e5a
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