It has been established that several factors, such as legal framework of state documents in vigor in a concrete time, can have an impact on the work of managers of institution of general education. In a modern understanding, word «factor» means a cause, the impetus of any process, phenomenon, thus determining its character or single features. Under current conditions of social incertitude and economic crisis, in order to manage an institution of general education is worthwhile to turn to the past experience, to study, analyze and rethink it. The experience of Anton Semenovitch Makarenko, manager of the showpiece institution, Colony of labor named after M. Gorki is quintessential unique. On the basis ofthe normative-legal documents of Ukrainian educational management organs of the first part of the XX century the legal foundationsof A. S. Makarenko’s administrative activity in the period of managingthe Labor Colony named after M. Gorky are revealed. The activity of A. S. Makarenko during his administration of the colony named after M. Gorki, the history of the institute and the fortune of its graduates became a special topic in the researches of national and foreign scholars such as E. Balabanovich, A. Bojko, I. Zjazun, I. Kozlov, I. Krivonos, V. Kumarin, F. Naumenko, M. Nezhinskij, N. Tarasevich, A. Tkachenko, A. Frolov, M. Yarmachenko and others. Relevance of the study are: M. Vinogradova, L. Hordin, O. Ishchenko, N. Tarasevich, A. Tkachenko, A. Frolov, L. Tsybulko and others. Generally, the analysis of state organ regulatory documents the activity of the Education boards in Ukraine in the first half of the XXth century (the beginning 1920 – the end 1920), when were defined the trends and the way for the implementation of a national educational reform, offers the possibility to find out which normative frameworks used A. S. Makarenko during this management activity: 1) diversification of education, creating a system of social education, while Ukraine became a socialistic workers republic; 2) development of appropriate measures for the implementation of social education at the institutional level, with the passage from more simple to more complex forms of children collective; 3) promotion of a «new» generation to use their intellectual and physical potential for the good of society during the process of recovering of the domestic market and the conquest of the foreign market; 4) creation of a «new man», able to build up the socialist society using his energies together with the State and working class; 5) sociability and public support in education of new generations; 6) development of a child movement and creation of a system of autonomous bodies at the premises of institutions of social education.