The increasing role of a man in economic processes requires comprehensive theoretical and methodological research in this field with the intention of clear argumentation of a wide range of the concepts used in the scientific circulation. A large number of terms has no clear scientific interpretation and is not represented in the legal field, and it causes a fuzzy understanding of the socio-economic categories. In the paper the conceptual-semantic analysis of the definition “cadre potential of enterprise” is carried out, the critical points of disagreement with respect to its scientific understanding are identified: qualification and legal differences, which limit quantitatively the amount of labor potential of enterprise; disagreements about the essence and purposefulness; existing scientific approaches to the definition of this category are considered. The research makes it possible to ground the author's vision of socio-economic category “human resources of enterprise” on the basis of a systematic approach. In future, it will allow to identify its components and to implement effective processes for assessing and managing cadre potential of enterprise as an object.