Due to the increasing number of Polish migrants we can observe a growing number of people who, after some time spent abroad, decide to return to their country of origin. Consequently, as return migrations are a multifaceted processes, there are many questions about the psychological context of this experience. The following article will constitute an attempt to answer the question about the psychological aspects of the return migrations on the basis of a theoretical review of psychological concepts and research conducted to date. Issues related to the phenomenon of the return culture shock, the role of changes in cultural identity, the expectations related to return, and the role of individual differences will be discussed. This review may be a starting point for further empirical research on return migrants.