Full-text resources of CEJSH and other databases are now available in the new Library of Science.
Visit https://bibliotekanauki.pl


2012 | 1 | 1 | 53-60

Article title

Pedagogy and Health Promotion



Title variants

Languages of publication



The purpose of this paper is to explore and analyze three aspects of the relationship between general pedagogy and Health education. Two different doctoral dissertations on Health education, claimed to be written from different scientific positions (hermeneutic and positivistic), were analyzed from science--philosophical, knowledge-theoretical and methodological points of view. The analysis showed that none of the dissertations contained any deeper discussion on science-philosophical or knowledge-theoretical issues and that both of the dissertations were written mainly in the hermeneutic tradition. The reason for this is probably that Health education, especially promotive Health education, handles divergent questions that seldom, or never, can be handled with positivistic methods. One consequence of this is that the results of research on promotive Health education rarely, or never, are normative and can tell how to teach about health in a specific educational situation. Instead the results can be used as a background for didactic reflection whey planning and realizing Health education initiatives. Another consequence is that the present trend with demand for evidence based Health education, can be questioned! Because promotive Health education is so heavily loaded with divergent questions, and because pedagogical research, according to Habermas, has an emancipatory or critical “knowledge interest”. Research can explain what is going on in one situation but not predict what will happen in a similar, but other situation! Therefore this paper argues that the idea of evidence based, promotive health education is hard, or impossible, to realize.








Physical description




  • Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, Sweden


  • 1. Bruun Jensen B. (1991). The Action Perspective in a Holistic Health Education. In: B. Bruun Jensen (Ed.), The Action Perspective in School Health Education. Copenhagen: The Royal Danish School of Educational Studies.
  • 2. Gadamer H.G. (2003). Den gåtfulla hälsan – föreläsningar och essäer. Ludvika: Dualis.
  • 3. Gediga G. (2005). Indicators: identifying, documenting, measuring – a snapshot from Germany. In: J. Svedbom (Ed.), Fourth workshop on practice of evaluation of the Health Promoting School – concepts, indicators and evidence. Sigriswil, Switzerland, 17–20 November 2005. Copenhagen: WHO Regional Office for Europe.
  • 4. Grosin L., Ogden T. (2004). Duellen om skolan – skolboken kontra social kompetens. Utblick folkhälsa 1, 26–30. Stockholm: Folkhälsoinastitutet.
  • 5. Gustavsson B. (2000). Kunskapsfilosofi – tre kunskapsformer i historisk belysning. Stockholm: Wahlström och Widestrand.
  • 6. Habermas J. (1978). Knowledge and Human Interests. London: Heinemann.
  • 7. Lagerberg D., Sundelin C. (2000). Risk och prognos i socialtarbete med barn. Stockholm: Gothia.
  • 8. Molander B. (1983). Vetenskapsfilosofi – en bok om vetenskapen och den vetenskapande människan. Stockholm: Norstedts.
  • 9. Mårdén B. (1999). De nya hälsomissoinärerna – rörelser i korsvägen mellan pedagogik och hälsopromotion. Göteborg: Göteborg Studies in Educational Science.
  • 10. Nilsson L. (2001). Hälsa och Lärande: kunskapssammanställning avseende samband mellan elevers hälsa och studieframgång/inlärning. Stockholm: Folkhälsoinstitutet (F-serie 2001:1).
  • 11. Nilsson L. (2003). Hälsoarbetets möte med skolan i teori och praktik. Örebro: Örebro studies in Education.
  • 12. Nordenfeldt L. (1988). Om hälsans värde - några reflektioner från ett filosofiskt perspektiv. In: S. Philipson, N. Uddenberg (Eds.), Hälsa som livsmening. Stockholm: Natur och Kultur.
  • 13. Schuhmacher E.F. (1977). A Guide for the Perplexed. New York: Harper Row.
  • 14. Sundell K., Forster M. (2005). En grund för att växa – forskning om att förebygga beteendeproblem hos barn. Stockholm: Socialtjänstförvaltningens forsknings- och utvecklingsenhet (FoU-rapport 2005:1).
  • 15. Tones K., Green J.(2005). Health Promotion – planning and strategies. London: Sage Publications.
  • 16. WHO (1986). Ottawa Charter for Health Promotion. Copenhagen: WHO Regional office for Europe.
  • 17. www.euro.who.int/AboutWHO/Policy/20010827_2 (Retrieved: on May, 2009).
  • 18. www.who.int/about/definition/en/print.html (Retrieved: on May, 2009).

Document Type

Publication order reference


YADDA identifier

JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.