Polish contacts with Senegal are presented here in the context of relations between Poland and Africa. Polish scientists and scholars played a significant role in the process of discovering The Black Continent. But, Poland has never been a colonial power. The first Polish emigrants arrived to the Senegalese coast at the second half of the 18th century. During the period of Poland's partitions, A number of Polish military men served in the Foreign Legion and thanks to this service, they arrived in Dakar. The character of Polish contact with Senegal changed during the inter-war period. Poland established an honorary consulate in Dakar, in the territory of French West Africa, whose mission was to promote Poland in the region. The opening of the diplomatic mission took place in 1935 and its competency inc-luded the all French West Africa territory. During the independence period, Senegal becomes one of Poland's larger West African trade partners. The first Polish-Senegalese trade agreement was signed on June 18, 1962. At the same time, an agreement for cooperation in the fields of technology and science was ratified. Along with the establishment of diplomatic relations in 1963, the Polish Trade Mission was created in Dakar. As part of international agreements, a small group of Senegalese youths was able to begin studies at Polish universities, mainly in the technological and medical fields. Cultural relations with Senegal resulted in Polish missionaries from various orders conducting mission activities in Senegal. Polish missionaries are present in Senegal since 1932. During the Second World War, 35 Poles have conducted mission work in the country. Polish missionaries of both genders were actively involved in virtually all local Roman Catholic Church activities in Senegal. Actually, nuns are worked in medical service, education and are also involved in running academicals/students Church groups and in training of religion teachers. They are also involved in charity work, bringing aid to the needy. There is also under their responsibilities church administration, teaching in schools or seminary academies in addition to their chief task, conducting pastoral duties under very difficult conditions. The economic cooperation between Poland and Senegal is not characteristic of the potential of either country. However, there are chances to improve the situation. There is a possibility of intensifying the direct relations and both capital and production ties of Senegalese and Polish firms.