СОЦІАЛЬНО-ПЕДАГОГІЧНА ПРОФІЛАКТИКА НАСИЛЬСТВА СТОСОВНО ЛЮДЕЙ ПОХИЛОГО ВІКУ В ІНФОРМАЦІЙНОМУ СУСПІЛЬСТВІ
Social and pedagogical prevention of violence against the elderly in the information society
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The article addresses the problem of violence against the elderly people. The types of violence (physical, sexual, psychological, and economic) and their manifestations concerning this age category are revealed. It is noted that this phenomenon is latent, since official statistics is not available in the majority of European countries, and Ukraine in particular. Therefore, the purpose of the paper is to prove the urgency and timely social-pedagogical prevention of violence against the elderly people, as well as to substantiate effective ways of its minimization, using the pro-social potential of the information society. In order to realize this goal, it is necessary to apply such methods of research as analysis, synthesis, comparison and generalization of results in relation to the stated problem. An analysis of the regulatory framework provides grounds for concluding that it is extremely difficult to gather sufficient evidence to justify the prosecution in court, due to the weak legal framework and vague definitions of the offense in the specific articles of the relevant codes. In this regard, the offender’s guilt is difficult to prove. As a result, offenders often avoid punishment and continue to commit violence. Social-pedagogical prevention of violence is a complex of measures aimed at preventing the violation of human rights in respect to its honor, dignity and living conditions. Such work should be carried out with all age categories: with children in order to prevent peer violence and protection of childhood, among parents in order to identify adequate methods of raising children and developing interpersonal skills (parents, relatives, neighbors and others); with representatives of various social institutions serving this category of persons in order to enhance professionalism and prevent professional burnout, with the elderly people in order to train them to protect themselves from violent attacks and to help others with the “peer-to-peer” technology. The emphasis is made on the conditions of the information society, which influence the development or suppression of such a phenomenon. In particular, having the information on ways to avoid violence, the work of the relevant institutions and providing the necessary services to victims of violence, a person has the opportunity to protect himself and others. The prospect of further research is the study of the structure and content of social-pedagogical support for the elderly people in the conditions of the information society.
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