Problemy ochrony i wykorzystania wartości kulturowych w procesach modernizacji miejskich zasobów mieszkaniowych
PROBLEMS OF THE PROTECTION AND USE OF CULTURAL VALUES IN THE PROCESSES OF THE MODERNIZATION OF URB AN HOUSING RESOURCES
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A difficult situation in house building in Poland, a great insufficiency of flats when compared to the needs, is, i.a., a result of the fact that due to many-years’ negligence the existing resources get decapitalized and demolished on a large scale, which brings about a further and ever growing increase in the demand for new housing; the demand that cannot be met by present work potentials, material possibilities and financial means. For a long time it has been getting more and more evident that it is necessary to halt a great loss of rooms in the so-called old housing resources ; with this in mind various concepts of saving these resources and their best adaptation to modern needs are being prepared. Generally, this trend is referred to as „modernization of buildings from before 1950” . This term applies to structures and complexes which are not included in the register of monuments. Still, it is closely associated with technical treatment and modernization processes in buiding complexes, already recognized as historic and covering an ever bigger number of buildings and complexes from the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries and even from the later period. Comprehensive work on the complexes that arc of interest to conservators is often called „the renewal of historic towns and complexes” . The programme of these works covers the following three major trends : 1. modernization of utility functions of complexes and individual buildings, 2. stabilization of technical structures and development of infrastructure such as waterworks, gas, electric, heating, power, telecommunication systems and others, 3. aesthetic arrangement of land structures and artistic elements. A proper use of cultural values in these complicated organizational, technical, social and financial processes calls for a detailed study of all elements going to make the cultural values of towns and complexes, often preceded by thorough specialistic examinations. The scope of these studies should cover such fields as general history, art history (including architecture and town-planning), archaeology, history of technics, etc. It should also envisage a revival of regional elements, not always found in official monuments present functions registers and often even contemporray elements. Such a study should be prepared before all necessary town-planning and architecture designs are drawn. The present article contains a general discussion on scope of studies and planning as well as on existing regulations and adopted organizational principles of renewal processes in Poland. Attention has also been drawn to „non-conservation” factors conditioning a proper course of the renewal and including different present functions of historic towns in various regions of Poland. Finally, the author puts forward twelve postulates aimed at improving the processes of programming, planning and executing the modernization and renewal works in Polish towns.
- Cz. K o t e l a , Modernizacja miast, „Rada Narodowa, Gospodarka, Administracja”, nr 3, 1979.
- St. С h o j e c k i, Metoda badania efektywności remontow i modernizacji budynkow mieszkalnych, wyd. Instytutu Gospodarki Mieszkaniowej, Warszawa 1972.
- O. Sawi c k i , T. R o g o w s k a , Plan rewaloryzacji, studium, metody opracowania, Materiały organizacyjne do użytku służbowego dla pracowni urbanistycznych, Ośrodek Informacji Konserwatorskiej PP PKZ, nr 26/27,1978.
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