Full-text resources of CEJSH and other databases are now available in the new Library of Science.
Visit https://bibliotekanauki.pl


2015 | 4 | 65-70

Article title

The “Night Battle” of Singara: Whose Victory?


Title variants

Languages of publication



The so-called “Night Battle” of Singara (344 AD) still remains poorly studied historical event because of discrepancies between the sources. The outcome of the battle is described in them with considerable discrepancies too. The analysis of the sources from the point of view of the “classical theory of war” elaborated by C. Clausewitz, unambiguously demonstrates that the winning side in this battle were Persians.






Physical description




  • Amm. Marc. - Ammiani Marcellini Rerum gestarum libri qui supersunt, F. EYSSENHARDT (ed.), Berolini, 1871.
  • Cons. Const. - Consularia Constantinopolitana ad a. CCCXCV cum additamento Hydatii ad a. CCCCLXVIII: accedunt consularia Chronici Paschalis, [in:] Monumenta Germaniae historica. Auctores antiquissimi. Vol. 9, Th. MOMMSEN (ed.), Berolini, 1892, 196 - 248.
  • Eutrop. - Eutropii Breviarium historiae romanae, F. RUEHL (ed.), Lipsiae, 1887
  • Fest. - Festi Breviarium rerum gestarum populi romani, G. FREYTAG (ed.), Leipzig, 1886.
  • Hier. Chron. - Die Chronik des Hieronymus, R.W.O. HELM (ed.), Berlin, 1956.
  • Iul. Or. I - Julianus. Oration I. Panegyric in Honour of the Emperor Constantius, [in:] The Works of the Emperor Julian. Vol. 1, T.E. PAGE, W.H.D. ROUSE (eds.), Cambridge, 1913, 4 - 127.
  • Jac. Edes. Chron. can. - The Chronological Canons of James of Edessa, “Zeitschrift der Deutschen Morgenländischen Gesellschaft”, 1899, 53, 261 - 327.
  • Liban. Or. LIX - Libanius. Oratio LIX, [in:] Libanii opera. Vol. 4, K. FOERSTER (ed.), Lipsiae, 1908, 201 - 296.
  • Oros. - Pauli Orosii Historiarum adversus paganos libri VII, C. ZANGEMEISTER (ed.), Lipsiae, 1889.
  • Socr. Schol. - Socratis Scholastici Ecclesiastica Historia with the Latin Translation of Valesius, Vol. 1 - 3, R. HUSSEY (ed.), Oxonii, 1853.
  • Zon. - Ioannis Zonarae Epitome Historiarum, Vol. 1 - 5, L. DINDORFIUS (ed.), Lipsiae, 1868 - 1874.
  • BAYNES N. H. (1911), Constantine’s Successors to Jovian and the Struggle with Persia, [in:] The Cambridge Medieval History. Vol. 1. The Christian Roman Empire and the Foundation of the Teutonic Kingdoms, H. M. GWATKIN, J. P. WHITNEY (eds.), New York, 55 - 86.
  • BURY J. B. (1896), The Date of the Battle of Singara, „Byzantinische Zeitschrift”, 5, 302 - 305.
  • CLAUSEWITZ C., von (1873), On War. Three Volumes Complete in One, Tr. J. J. GRAHAM, London.
  • DODGEON M. H., LIEU S. N. C. (1994), The Roman Eastern Frontier and the Persian Wars (AD 226–363). A Documentary History, London/New York.
  • MOSIG-WALBURG K. (1999), Zur Schlacht bei Singara, „Historia”, 48.3, 330 - 384.
  • PORTMANN W. (1989), Die 59. Rede des Libanios und das Datum der Schlacht von Singara, „Byzantinische Zeitschrift”, 82, 1 - 18.
  • STEIN E. (1959), Histoire du Bas-Empire I: De l’État Romain à l’État Byzantin (284–476), Paris.
  • TILLEMONT (1704), Histoire des empereurs et des autres princes qui ont régné durant les six premiers siècles de l'Église. Vol. 4, Paris.
  • ДМИТРИЕВ В. А. (2010), К вопросу о месте «ночного» сражения под Сингарой, „Вестник Военного университета”, 3.23, 87 - 90.
  • ДМИТРИЕВ В. А. (2012), «Ночное сражение» под Сингарой: к вопросу о хронологии военно-политических событий середины IV в. н.э. в Верхней Месопотамии, „Проблемы истории, филологии, культуры”, 3.37, 77 - 86.

Document Type

Publication order reference


YADDA identifier

JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.