In order to describe the literary processes in the era of symbolism and the following decades it is important to realize that next to the avant-gard movements there is also the trend of the „anti-modern modernism“ (Milan Kundera). Against the emancipatory ideas of the avant-garde (following in the line of European Illumination) there is the continuation of Romantic cosmic visions. The author sees Osip Mandelstam, Andrei Platonov, and Marina Cvetaeva as rare representatives of this line in Russia. They see the Russian Revolution as a cosmic element (rather than a political event), the human being as torn between the perception of the immediate data of consciousness, and the feeling of cosmic movements. The implications of this vision are examined in more detail in the works and poetics of Marina Cvetaeva.