PL EN


2010 | 20 | 3-4 | 81-94
Article title

Agricultural sustainability in a simple social-ecological system

Selected contents from this journal
Title variants
Languages of publication
EN
Abstracts
EN
There is a growing consciousness of the complexity and universality of interactions between social and ecological systems. Here we investigate a simple social-ecological model of land cultivation. It is shown that even very simple rules of land-use and an ecosystem’s dynamics can generate a variety of possible stationary states. In particular, the possibility of the existence of “desirable” stationary states is examined. These desirable states are understood in the sense of sustainable development, that is, profitable for farmers and non-degrading for ecosystems. It turns out that the existence of such states can depend strongly on the parameters that are under a government’s control, e.g. subsides, and others. Although real systems can reveal much more complex and counterintuitive behaviour, such a “toy model” can at least give some insight, help to realize the range of possible scenarios and improve our intuition about what might happen in real systems.
Year
Volume
20
Issue
3-4
Pages
81-94
Physical description
Contributors
  • Center for System Solutions, Parkowa 46/1, 51-616 Wrocław, Poland
  • Center for System Solutions, Parkowa 46/1, 51-616 Wrocław, Poland
References
  • ANDERIES J.M., JANSSEN M.A., OSTROM E., A framework to analyze the robustness of socialecological systems from an institutional perspective, Ecology and Society, 2004, 9, 18–35.
  • BRUELHEIDE H., LUGINBÜHL U., Peeking at ecosystem stability: making use of a natural disturbance experiment to analyze resistance and resilience, Ecology, 2009, 90, 1314–1325.
  • HOLLING C.S., Resilience and stability of ecological systems, Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics, 1973, 4, 1–23.
  • SCHEFFER M., CARPENTER S., FOLEY J., FOLKE C., WALKER B., Catastrophic shifts in ecosystems, Nature, 2001, 413, 591–596.
  • STERMAN J.D., Business dynamics: Systems Thinking and modeling for a complex world, /McGraw- Hill, Boston, 2000.
  • United Nations, Report of the World Commission on Environment and Development, General Assembly Resolution 42/187, 11 December 1987.
  • WALKER B.H., CARPENTER S., et al., Resilience Management in Social-ecological Systems: a Working Hypothesis for a Participatory Approach, Conservation Ecology, 2002, 6, 14–31.
  • WALKER B.H., HOLLING C.S., CARPENTER S.C., KINZIG A.P., Resilience, Adaptability and Transformability in Social–ecological Systems, Ecology and Society, 2004, 9, 5–14
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.desklight-079f0066-50f1-4a97-9adc-0c4c24b27c81
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.