Selbstbilder und gegenseitige Stereotype der Slowaken und Ungarn in der zweiten Hälfte des 19. Jahrhunderts
Depiction of the Self and contradictory stereotypes of Slovaks and Hungarians in the second half of the 19th century
Languages of publication
This paper presents a comparative analysis of caricatures published in Hungarian (Üstökös, Borsszem Jankó), and Slovak (Černokňažník) comic papers in the second half of the 19th century (the analysed volumes are: 1874, 1895–1902). The aim of the analysis is to picture the stereotypes and the ways of depiction of the non-Hungarian national minority groups in caricatures by Hungarians and conversely, the depictions of Hungarians and the prejudices in Slovak caricatures. The author is also interested in autostereotypes that enables to observe the differences between the visual methods of the representation of the “Other” and of the “We” group. Furthermore, the author examines the changes of national stereotypes — paralleling the strengthening of nationalism — during the decades. As the results show, the stereotypes in the comic papers and humorous or ironic images of the “Self” and the “Other” may be connected to the nation building process and the process of shaping “enemies”.
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