ОРГАНІЗАЦІЯ КОНТРОЛЮ ЗНАНЬ СТУДЕНТІВ У ВИЩІЙ ТЕХНІЧНІЙ ШКОЛІ УКРАЇНИ (20-і – 30-ті рр. ХХ ст.)
Organization of students’ knowledge control at higher technical schools (20th – 30th of the XX century)
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The article is devoted to studying in historical and pedagogical aspect of the organization of students’ knowledge control at the higher technical school of the period of the 20th – the 30th of the XX century. As a result of the carried-out research the basic principles of the organization of students’ knowledge control during the research period are revealed. During the solution of the research problems shortcomings and their reasons at the organization of students’ knowledge control at the higher technical schools of the period of the 20th – the 30th of the XX century are established. It is found out that in conditions of distortion of methodological instructions on the organization of the current control, refusal of the accounting of individual achievements of each certain student, distribution of collective exams, it was impossible to reach positive results. As a result, by the end of the 30th of the XX century in the field of students’ knowledge control the leading role of examinations was restored with which came to the end studying of each subject and which had final character irrespectively of the results of the current work of the student. Considering historical experience of introduction of the current control, by results of research the practical recommendations about the organization of the accounting of progress in conditions of accession of Ukraine to the European credit and transfer system are made. So, at determination of total point on performance of an academic year project it is necessary to consider not only quality, but also a date of performance, besides control of performance it has to be carried out systematically, with fixing results by the teacher. It is impossible to allow the projects shown for the first time in the finished form to protection. The admission to performance of practical or laboratory work needs to be given only after drawing up the corresponding part of a theoretical course. Determination of points for performance of graphic, calculation, laboratory works has to be carried out on each work separately at accurately established periods. If the total mark can’t be put down according to the data set of the current account, examination in discipline where it is possible to earn additional points for receiving a total assessment is appointed. In addition, the important criteria of the assessment of students’ work during the semester must be: the level of his/her independence, ability to work with the book, to use devices, reference books, visual aids, to plan and control the work, to analyze its results, to do generalizations and conclusions, to express the thoughts precisely. The basic principle of introduction of the current account is the assessment of the individual achievements of each certain student.
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