2017 | 24 | 233-262
Article title


Title variants
Languages of publication
The article seeks to shed light on the Johannine presentation of Peter, by focusing on the scenes surrounding Jesus’ arrest and his trial before the high priest. The analysis opens with pointing out the importance of Peter as a secondary character in the Gospel of John, specifically in John 18:1-27. There follows an overview of recent scholarly studies on the characters found in the Gospel of John, and how they are characterized. In the next four sections of the article, the figure of Peter is analyzed as he appears in four episodes: (1) Peter’s taking up the sword during Jesus’ arrest (18:1-12); (2) Peter’s accompanying Jesus as he is led to the place of trial (18:15); (3) Peter’s entering into the courtyard of the high priest’s house (18:15-16); (4) Peter’s three-fold denial (18:17-27). The final section of the article confronts the issue of Peter’s apparent lack of remorse in the wake of his third denial, as reflected in the Johannine narrative.
  • Katolicki Uniwersytet Lubelski Jana Pawła II
  • Bennema C., Encountering Jesus. Character Studies in the Gospel of John. Second Edition, Minneapolis, MN: Fortress 2014.
  • Bernard J.H., A Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the Gospel according to St. John, International Critical Commentary, New York: Scribner’ Sons 1929.
  • Blaine B.B., Peter in the Gospel of John: The Making of an Authentic Disciple, Society of Biblical Literature. Academia Biblica 27, Atlanta: Society of Biblical Literature 2007.
  • Bond H.K., At the Court of the High Priest. History and Theology in John 18:13-24, w: John, Jesus, and History. Vol. II. Aspects of Historicity in the Fourth Gospel, red. P.N. Anderson – F. Just – T. Thatcher, Early Christianity and Its Literature 2, Atlanta, GA: Society of Biblical Literature 2009, s. 313−324.
  • Brodie T.L., The Gospel according to John. A Literary and Theological Commentary, New York, NY – Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press 1993.
  • Burnett F.W., Characterization and Reader Construction of Characters in the Gospels, „Semeia” 63 (1993), s. 3−28.
  • Collins R.F., The Representative Figures of the Fourth Gospel – I, „The Downside Review” 94 (1976), s. 26−46.
  • Collins R.F., The Representative Figures if the Fourth Gospel – II, „The Downside Review” 94 (1976), s. 118−132.
  • Culpepper R.A., Anatomy of the Fourth Gospel. A Study in Literary Design, Philadelphia, PA: Fortress 1983.
  • Culpepper R.A., Designs for the Church in the Gospel Accounts of Jesus’ Death, „New Testament Studies” 51 (2005), s. 376−392.
  • Domeris W.R., The Johannine Drama, „Journal of Theology for Southern Africa” 42 (1983), s. 29−35. Pamment M., The Fourth Gospel’s Beloved Disciple, „Expository Times” 94 (1983) s. 363−367.
  • Droge A.J., The Status of Peter in the Fourth Gospel: a Note on John 18,10-11, „Journal of Biblical Literature” 109 (1990) 307−311.
  • Farelly N., The Disciples in the Fourth Gospel. A Narrative Analysis of Their Faith and Understanding, Wissenschaftliche Untersuchungen zum Neuen Testament II/290; Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck 2010.
  • Forster E.M., Aspects of the Novel, New York, NY: Harcourt, Brace and Company 1927.
  • Grochowski Z., Figury retoryczne pytań w pierwszej części Męki Pańskiej w Ewangelii według św. Jana (J 18,1-27), „Studia Elbląskie” 15 (2014), s. 301−311.
  • Grochowski Z., Il discepolo di Gesú nell’ora della prova (Gv 18–19), luogo di rivelazione del Maestro, Studia Biblica Lublinensia 13, Lublin: Wydawnictwo KUL 2015.
  • Grochowski Z., Kogut w Biblii z uwzględnieniem jego narracyjnej funkcji pełnionej w Ewangeliach, „Verbum Vitae” 32 (2017) 278−294.
  • Hägerland T., John’s Gospel: A Two-Level Drama?, „Journal for the Study of the New Testament” 25 (2003), s. 309−322.
  • Harvey W.J., Character and the Novel, Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press 1965.
  • Hunt S.A., Nicodemus, Lazarus and the Fear of ‘the Jews’ in the Fourth Gospel, w: Repetition and Variation in the Fourth Gospel: Style, Text, Interpretation, red. G. Van Belle et al., Bibliotheca Ephemeridum theologicarum Lovaniensium 223, Leuven: Peeters 2009, s. 199−212.
  • Hylen S.E., Imperfect Believers: Ambiguous Characters in the Gospel of John, Louisville, KY: Westminester John Knox 2009.
  • Kim S.S., The Spirituality of Following Jesus in John’s Gospel. An Investigation of Akolouthein and Correlated Motifs, Eugen, OR: Wipf & Stick 2017.
  • Kręcidło J., „Piotrze czy miłujesz mnie ponad wszystko?” Propozycja alternatywnej interpretacji pleon touton w J 21,15, w: Verbum caro factum est. Księga pamiątkowa dla Księdza Profesora Tomasza Jelonka w 70. rocznicę urodzin, red. R. Bogacz – W. Chrostowski, Ad Multos Annos, Warszawa: Stowarzyszenie Biblistów Polskich 2007, s. 315−329.
  • Kubiś A., Rhetorical Syncrisis in the Johannine Presentation of Jesus and Peter, „The Biblical Annals” 7 (2017), s. 487−529.
  • Labahn M., Simon Peter: An Ambiguous Character and His Narrative Career, w: Character Studies in the Fourth Gospel. Narrative Approaches to Seventy Figures in John, red. S.A. Hunt, D.F. Tolmie, R. Zimmermann, Wissenschaftliche Untersuchungen zum Neuen Testament 314, Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck 2013, s. 151−167.
  • Lampe G.W.H., St. Peter’s Denial and the Treatment of the “lapsi”, w: The Heritage of the Early Church. Essays in Honor of The Very Reverend Georges Vasilievich Florovsky, red. D. Neiman, M. Schatkin, Orientalia Christiana Analecta 195, Roma: Pont. Institutum Studiourm Orientalium 1973, s. 113-133.
  • Liddell H.G., Scott R., Jones H.S., McKenzie R., Greek-English Lexicon. With a Revised Supplement, Oxford: Clarendon 1996.
  • Lincoln A.T., The Gospel of according to Saint John, Black’s New Testament Commentary, London: Continuum 2005.
  • Marchadour A., Les personnages dans l’évangile de Jean. Miroir pour une christologie narrative, Lire la Bible 139, Paris: Cerf 2004.
  • Martin M.W., Judas and the Rhetoric of Comparison in the Fourth Gospel, New Testament Monographs 25, Sheffield, UK: Sheffield Phoenix Press 2010.
  • Martin M.W., Judas the Secessionist: Reading Johannine Syncrisis in its Mediterranean Milieu (PhD dissertation, Waco, TX: Baylor University 2005).
  • Martyn J.L., History and Theology in the Fourth Gospel, New York, NY: Harper and Row 1968.
  • Meeks W.A., The Prophet-King: Moses Traditions and the Johannine Christology, Supplements to Novum Testamentum 14; Leiden: Brill 1967.
  • Müller C.G., Der Zeuge und das Licht. Joh 1,1-4,3 und das Darstellungsprinzip σύνκρισις, „Biblica” 84 (2003), s. 479−509.
  • Myers A.D., Rhetoric, w: How John Works. Storytelling in the Fourth Gospel, red. D. Estes – R. Sheridan, Resources for Biblical Study 86, Atlanta, GA: SBL Press 2016, s. 187−203.
  • Neyrey J.H., Encomium versus Vituperation: Contrasting Portraits of Jesus in the Fourth Gospel, „Journal of Biblical Literature” 126 (2007), s. 547−548.
  • Neyrey J.H., The Gospel of John in Cultural and Rhetorical Perspective, Grand Rapids, MI – Cambridge, U.K.: Eerdmans 2009, s. 3−28.
  • O’Day G.R., Revelation in the Fourth Gospel. Narrative Mode and Theological Claim, Philadelphia, PA: Fortress 1986.
  • Pierri R. – Grochowski Z., Una portaina non ostile (Gv 18,17), „Collectanea Christiana Orientalia” 8 (2011), s. 229−235.
  • Quast K., Peter and the Beloved Disciple. Figures for a Community in Crisis, Journal for the Study of the New Testament Supplement Series 32; Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press 1989.
  • Schenke L., Johannes: Kommentar, Kommentare zu den Evangelien, Düseldorf: Patmos 1998.
  • Skinner C.W., Characters and Characterization in the Gospel of John, Library of New Testament Studies 461, London: Bloomsbury T&T Clark 2013.
  • Skinner C.W., John and Thomas: Gospels in Conflict? Johannine Characterization and the Thomas Question, Princeton Theological Monograph Series 115, Eugene, OR: Wipf & Stock 2009.
  • Skinner C.W., Misunderstanding, Christology, and Johannine Characterization: Reading John’s Characters through the Lens of the Prologue, w: Characters and Characterization in the Gospel of John, red. C.W. Skinner, The Library of the New Testament Studies 461, London: Bloomsbury T&T Clark 2013, s. 111−128.
  • Spiciarich A. – Gadot Y. – Sapir-Hen L., The Faunal Evidence from Early Roman Jerusalem: The People behind the Garbage, „Tel Aviv” 44/1 (2017), s. 98−117.
  • Stibbe M.W.G., John as Storyteller. Narrative Criticism and the Fourth Gospel, Society for New Testament Studies Monograph Series 73, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 1992, s. 98-99.
  • Thayer J.H., A Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament Being Grimm’s Wilke’s Clavis Novi Testamenti, Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Book House 1999.
  • Wright N.T., Jesus and the Victory of God, Christian Origins and the Question of God 2, Minneapolis, MN: Fortress 1996.
Document Type
Publication order reference
YADDA identifier
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.