PL EN


2019 | vol. 63, nr 12 | 138-151
Article title

The importance of state aid in rebuilding the sector potential using the example of EU maritime shipping

Content
Title variants
PL
Znaczenie pomocy publicznej w odbudowaniu potencjału sektora na przykładzie unijnej żeglugi morskiej
Languages of publication
EN
Abstracts
EN
Maritime transport is an essential element of economic expansion. The fleet under the national flag enables the diversification of supply routes, and creates opportunities for the development of new areas of economic activity based on sea resources. Despite these obvious advantages the fleet registered under the EU flags is getting smaller. The aim of the article is: (1) an analysis of the importance of national fleets for the EU economy and reasons for the fleet reduction in the national registers, (2) assessment of the effects of the admissible state aid to maritime transport in the EU, (3) identification of factors positively affecting the potential of national fleets. The research was carried out using a critical analysis of literature and an econometric model with many variables explaining the phenomenon using the classical least squares method. The research results indicate that the use of protectionist policy tools does not bring the expected results, and the impact of market factors is more visibly reflected in the size of the fleets registered under the national flags than in the state aid.
PL
Transport morski jest niezbędnym elementem ekspansji gospodarczej. Flota pod narodową banderą umożliwia dywersyfikację dróg zaopatrzenia, a ponadto stwarza możliwości rozwoju nowych obszarów aktywności gospodarczej opartych na zasobach morza. Mimo to, flota zarejestrowana pod banderami unijnymi jest coraz mniejsza. Celem artykułu jest: (1) analiza znaczenia flot narodowych dla gospodarki unijnej i przyczyn redukcji flot w narodowych rejestrach, (2) ocena efektów dopuszczalnej w UE pomocy publicznej dla transportu morskiego, (3) wskazanie czynników pozytywnie wpływających na potencjał flot narodowych. Badania zrealizowano, wykorzystując analizę krytyczną literatury oraz model ekonometryczny z wieloma zmiennymi objaśniającymi zjawisko, z wykorzystaniem klasycznej metody najmniejszych kwadratów. Wyniki badań wskazują, że stosowanie narzędzi polityki protekcjonistycznej nie przynosi oczekiwanych rezultatów, a czynniki rynkowe w większym stopniu niż pomoc publiczna znajdują odbicie w wielkości flot zarejestrowanych pod banderami narodowymi.
References
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Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.desklight-093c1d7e-0fe5-4ddc-b43f-299acd319a5a
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